tea tree oil

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tea tree oil

an herbal product taken from a species of myrtle tree native to coastal Australia.
uses This herb is used topically for acne and fungal infections and has proven efficacy. It has also been added to warm bath water and inhaled for treatment of cough and lower respiratory disorders, but there are no reliable data regarding its efficacy in this instance.
contraindications This herb should not be used during pregnancy and lactation or in those with known hypersensitivity to this plant. Tea tree oil has been taken orally in the past, but this is not recommended due to safety concerns.
An oil distilled or extracted from the tea tree—Melaleuca spp—which is antimicrobial due to presence of terpineol. Tea tree oil is used topically for abrasions, acne, athlete’s foot, bites, cuts, fungal infections and, for dogs, as a flea shampoo
Toxicity Rashes

tea tree oil

The aromatic essential oil of Melaleuca alternifolia, used as a topical antibacterial, anti-inflammatory, and antifungal in a range of herbal medicines. Skin irritation may occur in some sensitized people exposed to the oil or if the oil is used in high concentrations.
See also: oil

tea tree oil

; ti-tree oil essential oil extracted from Melaleuca alternifolia ; 0.05-1% solution = antimicrobial; 4% solution = topical treatment of fungal infections and verrucae (see Table 1)
Table 1: Treatment of fungal infections of skin and nails
Infection siteAgent
Antimycotic agent (for the treatment of dermatophytosis)
SkinTopical allylamine (e.g. 1% terbinafine cream for 7 days)
Topical imidazoles (e.g. 2% miconazole or 1% clotrimazole for 28 days)
Topical 0.25% amorolfine
Topical 1% econazole
Topical griseofulvin spray (400 μg puff daily for 14 days)
Topical 1% sulconazole
Topical tea tree (manuka) oil
Topical undecenoate (20% zinc undecenoate + 5% undecenoic acid)
Topical Whitfield's ointment (6% benzoic acid + 3% salicylic acid)
Other topicals include: weak iodine solution 2.5%; potassium permanganate paint 1%; salicylate acid cream or alcoholic solution 3-5%; benzoic acid (Whitfield's) ointment; sodium polymetaphosphate dusting powder
Systemic terbinafine (250 mg daily for 2 weeks)
Systemic itraconazole (100 mg daily for 15 days)
Systemic griseofulvin (500 mg daily )
NailTopical amorolfine 0.25% lacquer as an adjunct to systemic treatment
Topical borotannic acid complex acid; Phytex paint (1.46% salicylic acid + 4.89% tannic acid + 3.12% boric acid)
Topical 28% tioconazole lacquer
Topical undecenoate lacquer; Monphytol paint (5% methyl undecenoate + 0.7% propyl undecenoate + 3% salicylic acid + 25% methyl salicylate + 5% propyl salicylate + 3% chlorambucil)
Other topicals: strong iodine 10% solution
Systemic terbinafine (250 mg daily for 12-16 weeks)
Systemic itraconazole (400 mg for 1 week in a month, repeated overall 3 or 4 times)
Anticandidal agent (for the treatment of candidiasis)
SkinTopical antimycotic creams (1% clotrimazole; 1% econazole; 2% miconazole)
Topical nystatin (100 000 units ± 1% tolnaftate)
Antipityriasis versicolor agent (for the treatment of pityriasis versicolor)
SkinTopical 2% ketoconazole
Topical 2.5% selenium sulphide
Topical antimycotic agents (1% clotrimazole; 1% econazole; 2% miconazole; 1% sulconazole; 1% terbinafine)
Systemic fluconazole/itraconazole/ketoconazole/miconazole/voriconazole
References in periodicals archive ?
Essential Mousse contains essential fatty acids to help support the natural barrier function and hydration of the skin, and essential oils, including Melaleuca oil which has been shown to have antimicrobial properties in vitro.
The mixture consists of (per g): 70 mg Eucalyptus Oil, 50 mg Melaleuca Oil, 45 mg Lemongrass Oil, 45 mg Lemon Oil, 7 mg Clove leaf Oil, 3 mg Thyme Oil on a 40% ethanol base.
Its active bio-nutrients include peat-based hummates, endo- and ecto-mycorrhizae, tricaderma, yucca extract and melaleuca oil.