caput medusae

(redirected from Medusa head)

caput

 [kap´ut] (pl. cap´ita) (L.)
anatomical terminology for the expanded or chief extremity of an organ or part.
caput medu´sae the dilated cutaneous veins around the umbilicus, seen mainly in the newborn and in patients suffering from cirrhosis of the liver.
caput succeda´neum localized edema, congestion, and petechiae on the fetal and newborn scalp (presenting part), crossing the suture lines.

ca·put me·du·sae

1. varicose veins radiating from the umbilicus, seen in Cruveilhier-Baumgarten syndrome;
2. dilated ciliary arteries girdling the corneoscleral limbus in rubeosis iridis.
Synonym(s): Medusa head
[Medusa, G. myth. char.]

caput medusae

[mədo̅o̅′sē]
Etymology: L, head of Medusa, a mythical snake-haired Gorgon
a pattern of dilated cutaneous veins radiating from the umbilical area of a newborn. The feature is also observed in adults with cirrhosis of the liver with portal hypertension.
A term of art referring to the engorged veins that radiate from a recanalized umbilical vein—falciparum ligament in portal hypertension—which is most commonly seen in advanced cirrhosis, and is accompanied by ascites, hepatosplenomegaly, and patent hepatic veins

caput medusae

Medusa head Hepatology A term for the engorged veins that radiate from a recanalized umbilical vein–falciparum ligament in portal HTN, most common in advanced alcoholic cirrhosis, and accompanied by ascites, hepatosplenomegaly, patent hepatic veins

ca·put me·du·sae

(kap'ŭt me-dū'sē)
1. Varicose veins radiating from the umbilicus, seen in Cruveilhier-Baumgarten syndrome.
2. Dilated ciliary arteries girdling the corneoscleral limbus in rubeosis iridis.
Synonym(s): Medusa's head.
[Medusa, G. mythical character]

ca·put me·du·sae

(ka'put me-dū'sē)
1. Varicose veins radiating from the umbilicus.
2. Dilated ciliary arteries girdling the corneoscleral limbus in rubeosis iridis.
[Medusa, G. myth. char.]
Enlarge picture
CAPUT MEDUSAE: Prominent superficial abdominal veins seen on a patient with cirrhosis and portal hypertension.

caput medusae

A plexus of dilated veins around the umbilicus, seen in patients with portal hypertension (usually as a result of cirrhosis of the liver). It may be seen in newborns.
See: illustration
See also: caput

caput medusae

A conspicuous whorl of large veins sometimes seen radiating from the navel in CIRRHOSIS of the liver. This is an attempt to provide a shunt (collateral circulation) around obstructed liver veins. The Gorgon, Medusa, had snakes instead of hair, hence the name.

Medusa,

in Greek mythology, a Gorgon who turned men to stone.
caput Medusae - (1) varicose veins radiating from the umbilicus; - (2) dilated ciliary arteries girdling the corneoscleral limbus in rubeosis iridis. Synonym(s): head of Medusa
head of Medusa - Synonym(s): caput Medusae
References in classic literature ?
It is only the headless body of a man, clad in a coat of mail, with a Medusa head upon the breast-plate, but we feel persuaded that such dignity and such majesty were never thrown into a form of stone before.
The other features of this iconic collection are a 35 mm two-tone steel case, big lugs featuring a stylised Greek key design and the Medusa head at 12 o'clock.
The 1930s-era property also showcases the designer's signature snake-haired Medusa head, which has since become synonymous with the brand.
Amaranth," said Marisa Prefer, a gardener leading a group through the same neighbourhood, picking up a stalk of the crumbly plant, which was spilling out from a crack in the sidewalk like a Medusa head.
The latest design of the leather dual-carry handbag is defined by its hand-placed and hand-painted ivy leaves and its metal Medusa head closure.
As one would expect, the hotel is covered in the iconic motifs of Versace such as the Medusa head, the Greek key and the house's legendary prints, with many designs created exclusively for the hotel.
Reaction Strike's Flats Lok Jighead and Deener's Medusa Head have a screw-lock to hold baits.
A "fantasy dagger" with a Medusa head handle, a sword with a metal horned handle, four cut-throat razors and two air rifles were also taken.
Significantly, Perseus' use of the Medusa head to defend himself against male rivals is directly connected in Ovid with his mastery of language.
Iridescent glass tiles in seven different shades of blue line the entire pool interior; a Medusa head made of handmade tiles decorates the sun deck floor.
Growing up behind the gold-leaf gates of her Milan mansion, where even her bed sheets and coffee cups are adorned with the Medusa head of the Versace company, Allegra has lived a sad and often lonely existence.
In a practically silent part, Jacobi makes the scarlet-lipped Duke as vile to look upon as a Medusa head.