Mediterranean spotted fever


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Mediterranean spotted fever

tick-borne infection with Rickettsia conorii seen in Africa, Europe, the Middle East, and India and known by different names in different areas, for example, Marseilles fever, Crimean fever, Indian tick typhus, and Kenya fever. Two forms are Mediterranean exanthematous fever (q.v.), which manifests as skin eruptions, and Mediterranean erythematous fever (q.v.), which manifests as skin redness. See: Rickettsia conorii.

African Tick Typhus

A tick-borne rickettsial infection caused by Rickettsia conorii, which occurs in the eastern hemisphere and is similar to Rocky Mountain spotted fever but less severe.
Clinical findings Fever, a small ulcer (tache noire) at the site of the tick bite, swollen glands nearby (satellite lymphadenopathy), and a red raised (maculopapular) rash.

Med·i·ter·ra·ne·an spot·ted fe·ver

(med'i-tĕ-rā'nē-ăn spot'ĕd fē'vĕr)
Tick-borne infection with Rickettsia conorii seen in Africa, Europe, the Middle East, and India and known by different names in different areas, (e.g., Marseilles fever, Crimean fever, Indian tick typhus, and Kenya fever). Two forms are Mediterranean exanthematous fever, which manifests as skin eruptions, and Mediterranean erythematous fever, which manifests as skin redness.
See also: Rickettsia conorii

Mediterranean spotted fever

An infectious, occasionally fatal illness transmitted to humans by ticks infected with Rickettsia conorii. The disease is clinically similar to Rocky Mountain spotted fever.
Synonym: boutonneuse fever
See also: fever
References in periodicals archive ?
Deciphering the relationships between Rickettsia conorii and Rhipicephalus sanguineus in the ecology and epidemiology of Mediterranean spotted fever.
Mediterranean spotted fever in Portugal: risk factors for fatal outcome in 105 hospitalized patients.
Mediterranean spotted fever in Israel: a tick-borne disease.
The positive control was serum from a patient with proven Mediterranean spotted fever and end-point IgG titers of 160 (provided by the Swedish Institute for Infectious Disease Control); the negative control was phosphate-buffered saline and serum from 3 healthy blood donors.
Diagnosis of Mediterranean spotted fever by cultivation of Rickettsia conorii from blood and skin samples using the centrifugation shell-vial technique and by detection of Rickettsia conorii in circulating endothelial cells, a 6 year follow-up.
Numerous SFG rickettsioses occur throughout the world, the most important being Mediterranean spotted fever (with its variants Indian tick typhus, Astrakhan fever, and Israeli spotted fever) caused by R.
Lastly, because most ill returnees seen at GeoSentinel sites have traveled to the tropics, we may have underestimated the incidence of rickettsial diseases typically acquired in temperate areas, including Rocky Mountain spotted fever, TIBOLA, and Mediterranean spotted fever.
These findings confirmed observations made by Pijper in the 1930s which suggested that there were 2 different kinds of human SFG rickettsioses in sub-Saharan Africa: Mediterranean spotted fever caused by R.

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