Mediterranean fever

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Infectious diseases caused by the bacteria Brucella melitensis biovars, characterized by fever, sweating, weakness, orchitis, aches, and pains, and transmitted to humans by direct contact with diseased animals or through ingestion of infected meat, milk, or cheese, and particularly hazardous to veterinarians, farmers, and slaughterhouse workers; although some crossing over by species may occur, Brucella melitensis, Brucella melitensis biovar abortus, Brucella melitensis biovar canis, and Brucella melitensis biovar suis characteristically affect goats, cattle, dogs, and swine, respectively.

Mediterranean fever

Mediterranean fever

(1) Boutonneuse fever—Rickettsia conorii infection
(2) Brucellosis, see there
(3) Familial Mediterranean fever [MIM 249100]

Mediterranean fever

Familial Mediterranean fever see there.

Mediterranean fever



Sir David, English surgeon, 1855-1931.
Brucella abortus - infectious bacteria causing abortions in cattle, sheep, mares; causes undulant fever in man and a wasting disease in chickens. Synonym(s): abortus bacillus; Bang bacillus
Brucella - a genus of encapsulated, nonmotile bacteria (family Brucellaceae) causing infection of the genital organs, the mammary gland, and the respiratory and intestinal tracts.
brucellosis - an infectious disease caused by Brucella, and transmitted by direct contact with diseased animals or through ingestion of infected meat, milk, or cheese. Synonym(s): febris undulans; Malta fever; Mediterranean fever; undulant fever


named after the Mediterranean Sea or region.

Mediterranean coast fever
see theileriaannulata infection in cattle.
Mediterranean fever
Mediterranean lymphoma
a human disease resembling plasmacytoid lymphoma in horses.
Mediterranean squill

Patient discussion about Mediterranean fever

Q. Can Familial Mediterranean Fever (FMF) cause a heart enlargement? A friend of mine is suffering from FMF. its usually doesn't bother him that much and when it dose the symptoms are stomach ache and fever. he has no heart symptoms and takes no medications. his physician told him that because of the FMF he might suffer from a heart enlargement, and that he should take some oral medications daily to prevent it. how can it be?

A. This question can't be answered with a strict yes or no.
although FMF on its own can't cause heart enlargement, FMF can cause amyloidosis because of the recurrent inflammation. this may lead to enlargement of the heart which is a severe disease.
the good side is that taking medication can decrease the chance of the cardiac enlargement.

More discussions about Mediterranean fever
References in periodicals archive ?
A high-resolution genetic map of the familial Mediterranean fever candidate region allows identification of haplotype-sharing among ethnic groups.
Clinical and molecular diagnosis of familial Mediterranean fever in Egyptian children.
Table 1: Immunoglobulin light chain levels in patients with juvenile idiopathic arthritis, familial mediterranean fever and in healthy controls and their comparison with each other (Data are given as median (range); p < 0.
Familial Mediterranean fever (FMF) mutations occur frequently in the Greek-Cypriot population of Cyprus.
Mediterranean fever is a genetic disorder that causes unpredictable bouts of fever, skin rash, and inflammation of the lungs and joints.
Differential diagnosis of HIDS includes familial Mediterranean fever (FMF), tumor necrosis factor receptor periodic syndrome, adult Still's disease, juvenile idiopathic arthritis, rheumatic fever, and Behcet's disease.
Familial Mediterranean Fever Global Clinical Trials Review, H2, 2014
Familial Mediterranean fever (FMF) is an autosomal recessive autoinflammatory disorder characterized by lifelong recurrent, self-limiting attacks of fever and systemic inflammation.

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