Measles encephalitis


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Measles encephalitis

A serious complication of measles occurring in about one out of every 1,000 cases, causing headache, drowsiness, and vomiting seven to ten days after the rash appears. Seizures and coma can follow, which may lead to retardation and death.
References in periodicals archive ?
There are 2 further rare and latent CNS complications resulting from a preceding measles infection: subacute sclerosing panencephalitis (SSPE) caused by years of viral persistence in a seemingly immunocompetent host, (3) and subacute measles encephalitis (SME), occurring in an immunocompromised host.
The fatal intersection of HIV and measles has resulted in a cluster of patients in South Africa with subacute measles encephalitis, many of whom might have died before reaching medical attention, which serves to remind clinicians of the importance of a vigilant and effective measles immunisation programme.
Subacute measles encephalitis in the young immunocompromised host:report of two cases diagnosed by polymerase chain reaction and treated with ribavirin and review of the literature.
Subacute measles encephalitis in a young man immunosuppressed for ankylosing spondilitis Neurology 1999:52:1057-1059.
The couple had five children together, named Tessa, Theo, Ophelia, Lucy and Olivia, who died of measles encephalitis aged seven.
FIFTEEN per cent of children who suffer from measles encephalitis will die and 20-40 per cent of survivors will suffer from brain damage.
Sally, from Somerset, developed a rare and life-threatening condition called measles encephalitis.
These cases are unlikely to be true measles encephalitis since measles was rare in the 1990s following the introduction of the combined measles, mumps, and rubella vaccine in 1988 (27).
The persistent measles encephalitis induces a robust humoral immune response (43).