German chamomile

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chamomile

Ayurvedic medicine
Chamomile has been used for women’s complaints, indigestion and colicky children.

Herbal medicine
An annual herb, the flowers of which contain choline, coumarins (e.g., umbelliferone), cyanogenic glycosides, flavonoids (e.g., rutin), salicylate derivatives, tannins and volatile oils (e.g., bisabolol and chamazulene). Chamomile is administered as a tea, extract, tincture or ointment. German chamomile tea is analgesic, anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial, antispasmodic, anxiolytic, carminative, expectorant and sedative; it has been used to treat acne, anxiety, asthma, bacterial and fungal infections, colicky infants, diarrhoea, flatulence, gout, headaches, indigestion, insomnia, irritable bowel, menstrual cramping, pruritus, rheumatic disease and sciatica. In Russia, Roman chamomile is used for colds, gastric complaints, colitis, as a sedative gargle, and topically for eczema and inflammation.

Most herbalists use German chamomile and Roman chamomile interchangeably.
 
Homeopathy
See Chamomilla.
  
Pseudomedicine
An essence in the pseudoscience of flower therapy which is believed to balance emotions, calm nerves and brighten moods.

German chamomile

An annually flowering member of the aster family (Matricaria recutita). Teas made from the flower are used as a mild sedative, an astringent, a cosmetic hair rinse, an analgesic, and an antispasmodic in the treatment of colic, indegestion, and irritable bowel syndrome, . Oils extracted from the plant are used in alternative and complementary medicine to relieve itch. Some people are sensitive to the plant's oilsand may develop contact dermatitis after exposure. Synonym: wild chamomile
See also: chamomile
References in periodicals archive ?
Matricaria chamomilla EO includes [alpha]-bisabolol and chamazulene, which have both demonstrated biocidal activity (Cwikla et al.
Chapter 4: Active Chemical Constituents of Matricaria chamomilla L syn.
Effect of Matricaria chamomilla L flower essential oil on the growth and ultrastructure of Aspergillus niger van Tieghem.
Physiology of Matricaria chamomilla exposed to nickel excess.
Phenolic glucosides in the course of ligulate flower development in diploid and tetraploid Matricaria chamomilla.
The researchers concluded that the data obtained from these in vitro and in vivo observations indicate very low toxicity of Matricaria chamomilla EO and support its use in the treatment of anisakiasis.
Conclusions: Although the sample size is very small and therefore generalization is very difficult, this observation indicates that Matricaria chamomilla might be a slightly effective treatment also for ADHD.
Keywords: Observational study; Attention-deficit disorder (ADHD); Matricaria chamomilla
We found no study, investigating the efficacy of Matricaria chamomilla treating children suffering from ADHD.