German chamomile

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chamomile

Ayurvedic medicine
Chamomile has been used for women’s complaints, indigestion and colicky children.

Herbal medicine
An annual herb, the flowers of which contain choline, coumarins (e.g., umbelliferone), cyanogenic glycosides, flavonoids (e.g., rutin), salicylate derivatives, tannins and volatile oils (e.g., bisabolol and chamazulene). Chamomile is administered as a tea, extract, tincture or ointment. German chamomile tea is analgesic, anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial, antispasmodic, anxiolytic, carminative, expectorant and sedative; it has been used to treat acne, anxiety, asthma, bacterial and fungal infections, colicky infants, diarrhoea, flatulence, gout, headaches, indigestion, insomnia, irritable bowel, menstrual cramping, pruritus, rheumatic disease and sciatica. In Russia, Roman chamomile is used for colds, gastric complaints, colitis, as a sedative gargle, and topically for eczema and inflammation.

Most herbalists use German chamomile and Roman chamomile interchangeably.
 
Homeopathy
See Chamomilla.
  
Pseudomedicine
An essence in the pseudoscience of flower therapy which is believed to balance emotions, calm nerves and brighten moods.

German chamomile

An annually flowering member of the aster family (Matricaria recutita). Teas made from the flower are used as a mild sedative, an astringent, a cosmetic hair rinse, an analgesic, and an antispasmodic in the treatment of colic, indegestion, and irritable bowel syndrome, . Oils extracted from the plant are used in alternative and complementary medicine to relieve itch. Some people are sensitive to the plant's oilsand may develop contact dermatitis after exposure. Synonym: wild chamomile
See also: chamomile
References in periodicals archive ?
The Effects of hydro alcoholic extract of Matricaria chamomilla flower on testosterone and gonadotropins hormone in adult male rat.
The effects of a hydroalcoholic extract of Matricaria chamomilla flower on the pituitary-gonadal axis and ovaries of rats.
Salicylic acid alleviates NaCl-induced changes in the metabolism of Matricaria chamomilla plants.
Comparison of cadmium and copper effect on phenolic metabolism, mineral nutrients and stress-related parameters in Matricaria chamomilla plants.
In this sense, taking into account the biocide activity of Matricaria chamomilla EO and its main components against various pathogenic agents (Aggag and Yousef 1972; Franke and Schilcher 2005; McKay and Blumberg 2006; Koch et al.
We detected 130 compounds in Matricaria chamomilla EO; the main components were: E-[beta]-farnesene (4.
Method: Three 14-16-year-old male psychiatric outpatients, diagnosed with attention-deficit disorder (ADHD) have been rated at baseline and while taking Matricaria chamomilla to determine its efficacy as a treatment for ADHD.
Conclusions: Although the sample size is very small and therefore generalization is very difficult, this observation indicates that Matricaria chamomilla might be a slightly effective treatment also for ADHD.
This two armed in vitro and in vivo study sought to measure the effect of Matricaria chamomilla essential oil (EO) on the larvae of Anisakis simplex.
The immediate effect of natural plant extract, Angelica sinensis and Matricaria chamomilla (Climex) for the treatment of hot flushes during the menopause.
d) A combination of Angelica sinensis and Matricaria chamomilla was no more effective on hot flushes than placebo.