Trujillo (1999) used the revised Mathematical Anxiety Rating Scale (R-MARS) to test the mathematics anxiety of a group of pre-service elementary teachers, and identified five of them who found to be "most mathematically anxious.
The course objective was to give basic knowledge in the area of mathematics to non-majors while shifting the mathematical anxiety of non-math majors to a more positive view and appreciation towards a multidisciplinary mathematics.
Leigh Ann Beard (2003) conducted a study in which she examined the effects of an integrated math and children's literature instruction on mathematical achievement and mathematical anxiety compared with students who received mathematics instruction without the contexts provided through children's literature.
McDonald says the Shirleybased side still need a couple more wins to end any mathematical anxiety over their status in the Aspire Midland Alliance but he also suggests they need to balance the needs of now with the potential for future in the final 11 games.
The researchers gave the students the Fennema-Sherman Mathematics Attitudes Scales, a questionnaire used since the '70s to assess mathematical anxiety levels, said Patricia Perez-Tyteca, a mathematics professor at the university who was part of the research team.
According to the researchers, mathematical anxiety appears through a series of symptoms "such as tension, nervousness, concern, worry, edginess, impatience, confusion, fear and mental block" when dealing with the subject of Mathematics.