maternal death


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ma·ter·nal death

death of a woman while pregnant or within 42 days after the termination of gestation, irrespective of the duration and site of pregnancy and the cause of death; two periods are recognized in the 42-day interval: period one includes day 1-day 7; period two includes day 8- day 42. Maternal deaths are further classified as: direct maternal death, death resulting from obstetric complications of the gestation, labor, or puerperium, and from interventions, omissions, incorrect treatment, or a chain of events caused by any of the above; indirect maternal death, an obstetric death resulting from previously existing disease or from disease developing during pregnancy, labor, or the puerperium; it is not directly due to obstetric causes, but to conditions aggravated by the physiologic effects of pregnancy.

maternal death

the death of a woman during the childbearing cycle.

maternal death

As defined in the UK, death of the mother during pregnancy or within 6 weeks of delivery (late maternal death encompasses up to 1 year post delivery), which is divided into direct causes (e.g., pulmonary embolus, eclampsia) and indirect cause (e.g., cardiovascular disease, suicide, diabetes).

Risk factors for maternal death
Social disadvantage, poverty, minority ethnic group, late booking/poor attendance, obesity, domestic violence, substance abuse, suboptimal clinical care, lack of interprofessional/ interagency communication.

Direct causes of maternal death
Thromboembolism (most direct common cause), hypertensive disease of pregnancy (pre-eclampsia and eclampsia), haemorrhage, amniotic fluid embolism, deaths in early pregnancy (ectopic pregnancy, spontaneous miscarriage, abortion), genital tract sepsis, genital tract trauma, acute fatty liver of pregnancy, anaesthesia-related.

Indirect causes of maternal death
Suicide (most common indirect cause), cardiac, CNS haemorrhage, epilepsy, infections, malignancy.

Coincidental maternal death
RTA/MVA.

ma·ter·nal death

(mă-tĕrnăl deth)
Demise of a woman while pregnant or within 42 days after the termination of gestation, irrespective of the duration and site of pregnancy and the cause of death.
References in periodicals archive ?
Near misses: A useful adjunct to maternal death enquiries.
The UN target is to get the global average number of maternal deaths below 70 per 100,000 live births by 2030, with no country higher than 140.
For example, following the identification of pulmonary embolism as a leading cause of maternal death in the United Kingdom there was a nationwide effort to increase the use of mechanical and pharmacologic prophylaxis to prevent deep venous thrombosis.
The existing government maternal death reporting form was distributed to key informants' Anganwadi Workers (AWWs), Auxiliary Nurse Midwives (ANMs) and Accredited Social Health Activists (ASHAs).
In the final model, the risk of maternal death was positively associated with having a fourth or higher-order pregnancy and with being 35 or older, and negatively associated with having a first pregnancy.
STILLBIRTH IS clearly linked to maternal obesity and smoking, according to a new report from the committee which investigates perinatal and maternal deaths.
In the US, the lifetime risk of maternal death has risen more than 50 per cent since 2000 -- from 1 in 3,700 to 1 in 2,400.
The leading cause of maternal death globally is medical complications of childbirth and the period post-delivery.
Brazil takes step to implement historic United Nations ruling in maternal death case.
A maternal death is defined according to the World Health Organization, as the "death of a woman while pregnant or within 42 days of termination of pregnancy, irrespective of the duration and site of the pregnancy, from any cause related to or aggravated by the pregnancy or its management but not from accidental or incidental causes".
Of the 40 countries with the world's highest rates of maternal death, 36 are in sub-Saharan Africa.
com)-- The grant will provide funds and additional resources for Women's eNews to access and unpack core fatality statistics from the city's records on causes of maternal death in African American women.

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