vacuum aspiration

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aspiration

 [as″pĭ-ra´shun]
inhalation of some foreign material; aspiration of vomitus, blood, or mucus may occur when a person is unconscious or under the effects of a general anesthetic, and can be avoided by keeping the head turned to the side and removing all such foreign material from the air passages.
A, Types of aspiration. A, Aspiration before swallow caused by reduced tongue control. B, Aspiration before swallow caused by absent swallow response. C, Aspiration during swallow caused by reduced laryngeal closure. D Aspiration after swallow caused by pooled material in pyriform sinuses overflowing into airway. From Logemann J: Evaluation and Treatment of Swallowing Disorders, San Diego, College-Hill Press, 1983.
withdrawal of fluid by an aspirator; the method is widely used in hospitals, especially during surgery, to drain the area of the body being operated on and keep it clear of excess blood and other fluids to facilitate visualization of the surgical field. Sometimes after extensive surgery, suction drainage under the skin is used to speed the healing process.
meconium aspiration inhalation of meconium by the fetus or newborn, which may result in atelectasis, emphysema, pneumothorax, or pneumonia.
risk for aspiration a nursing diagnosis accepted by the North American Nursing Diagnosis Association, defined as a state in which an individual is at risk for entry of gastric secretions, oropharyngeal secretions, solids, or fluids into the tracheobronchial passage.
vacuum aspiration a form of induced abortion in which the uterine contents are removed by application of a vacuum through a hollow curet or a cannula introduced into the uterus.

vacuum aspiration

n.
A method of abortion performed during the first trimester of pregnancy in which the contents of the uterus are withdrawn through a narrow tube. Also called suction curettage, vacuum curettage.

vacuum aspiration

[vak′yo̅o̅·əm]
Etymology: L, vacuus, empty, aspirare, to breathe upon
a method of removing tissues from the uterus by suction for diagnostic purposes or to remove elements of conception. With the patient under local or light general anesthesia, the cervix is dilated, and the uterus is emptied with suction. Postoperative care includes the close observation of vital signs for symptoms of blood loss. Also called suction curettage. Compare dilation and curettage. See also elective abortion, therapeutic abortion.

vacuum aspiration

Evacuation of the contents of the uterus by a curet or catheter attached to a suction apparatus. The procedure is performed before the 12th week of gestation. It is the most common form of surgical abortion. Synonym: suction aspiration
See also: aspiration
References in periodicals archive ?
The second intervention was the introduction of manual vacuum aspiration as an outpatient procedure, using local anaesthesia, as an alternative means of treating incomplete abortion, which could also be provided by midwives.
For 46 women, the procedure failed and manual vacuum aspiration was required to complete the procedure (7%).
A randomized controlled trial of 400-mcg sublingual misoprostol versus manual vacuum aspiration for the treatment of incomplete abortion in two Egyptian hospitals, International journal of Gynaecology & Obstetrics, 2010, Lll(2):131-135.
In some settings, the use of midlevel health practitioners instead of physicians to provide safe manual vacuum aspiration services has helped make uterine evacuations more accessible and available to women.
Menstrual regulation was generally provided using manual vacuum aspiration, although some procedures were performed using electric vacuum aspiration (not shown).
The mean estimated cost of manual vacuum aspiration was $225 lower than that of dilatation and curettage (D&C), which supports the transition to vacuum aspiration, as recommended by the World Health Organization.
Moreover, it finds that projects in Kenya, Myanmar and Uganda have successfully trained nurse-midwives to provide post-abortion care for incomplete abortion with manual vacuum aspiration, and that studies in Ethiopia and India have recommended that providers such as auxiliary nurse-midwives should be trained in abortion service delivery to ensure that they provide safe abortions for low-income women.
For the small number remaining, manual vacuum aspiration is available.
In the early 1970s he developed a soft, flexible cannula for manual vacuum aspiration that was widely used in the US and developing countries to perform early abortions.
Evidence from a study by Warriner et al provides evidence of a low complication rate, under 1%, for manual vacuum aspiration abortion provided by mid-level providers such as specially trained physician assistants and midwives.
A review of ten studies of centres offering post-abortion care in public health settings in seven Latin America countries in the 11 years to 2002 concludes that prompt treatment of complications of unsafe abortion, using manual vacuum aspiration and pain relief, which can be provided on an outpatient basis, could save women's lives and help reduce health service costs.
Manual vacuum aspiration has also recently been introduced.