malpighian corpuscle

(redirected from Malpighian bodies)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Encyclopedia.

corpuscle

 [kor´pus'l]
any small mass or body. adj., adj corpus´cular.
blood corpuscle blood cell.
colostrum c's large rounded bodies in colostrum, containing droplets of fat and sometimes a nucleus.
Krause's corpuscle end-bulb.
malpighian corpuscle the funnel-like structure constituting the beginning of the structural unit of the kidney (nephron) and comprising the malpighian capsule and its partially enclosed glomerulus. Called also renal corpuscle.
Meissner's corpuscle tactile corpuscle.
Purkinje's c's large, branched nerve cells composing the middle layer of the cortex of the cerebellum.
red corpuscle (red blood corpuscle) erythrocyte.
renal corpuscle malpighian corpuscle.
tactile corpuscle a medium-sized nerve ending in the skin, particularly the fingertips and lips; called also Meissner's corpuscle and tactile papilla.
white corpuscle (white blood corpuscle) leukocyte.

Malpighian corpuscle

or

Malpighian body

(măl-pĭg′ē-ən)
n.
2. Any of numerous small nodular masses of lymphoid tissue attached to the sides of the smaller arterial branches in the spleen.

malpighian corpuscle

Etymology: Marcello Malpighi; L, corpusculum, little body
one of a number of small, round, deep-red bodies in the cortex of the kidney, each communicating with a renal tubule. Malpighian corpuscles average about 0.2 mm in diameter, with each capsule composed of two parts: a central glomerulus and a glomerular capsule. The corpuscles are part of a filtering system through which nonprotein components of blood plasma enter the tubules for urinary excretion. Also called malpighian body, renal corpuscle.

Malpighian corpuscle

A tiny spherical body, one of millions in the kidney, consisting of a bundle of CAPILLARIES enclosed in a capsule which is attached to a tubule for the drainage of urine. (Marcello Malpighi, 1628–94, Italian anatomist).

Malpighian body

or

Malpighian corpuscle

a structure for filtering blood in the vertebrate kidneys that is formed from the BOWMAN'S CAPSULE with its associated GLOMERULUS.

corpuscle

any small mass or body.

blood c's
formed elements in the blood, i.e. erythrocytes and leukocytes.
bulbous corpuscle
temperature-sensitive nerve endorgan.
colostrum c's
large rounded bodies in colostrum, containing droplets of fat and sometimes a nucleus.
compound granular corpuscle
genital corpuscle
pressure receptor nerve-endings in the penis and clitoris.
Golgi-Mazzoni corpuscle
probably a pressure receptor; occur in hairless skin and associated mucosae, glans penis, foot pad of carnivores, hoof connective tissue.
corpuscle of Grandry
in the dermis of a duck's bill. See also corpuscle of Herbst (below).
corpuscle of Herbst
located in the dermis of the duck's bill these corpuscles are extremely sensitive to vibration.
lamellar corpuscle
pressure-sensitive nerve-endings. Called also Ruffini corpuscle.
malpighian corpuscle
see renal corpuscle (below).
Meissner corpuscle
touch-sensitive nerve receptors.
meniscoid corpuscle
touch-sensitive nerve endorgan.
pacinian c's
Purkinje's c's
large, branched nerve cells composing the middle layer of the cortex of the cerebellum.
red blood corpuscle
erythrocyte.
renal corpuscle
a tuft of capillaries enveloped by the dilated end of a renal tubule. Constitutes the beginning of the structural unit of the kidney (nephron). Called also malpighian corpuscle.
Ruffini corpuscle
see lamellar corpuscle (above).
tactile c's
medium-sized encapsulated nerve endings in the skin; called also tactile papillae.
white blood corpuscle
leukocyte.

Malpighian

named after Marcello Malpighi, an Italian anatomist.

Malpighian body
lymphoid follicles in the spleen.
Malpighian capsule
Malpighian corpuscle
see renal corpuscle.
Malpighian layer
the stratum basale (basal layer) and the stratum spinosum (prickle-cell layer) of the epidermis considered together.