maieutics


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maieutics

Medspeak
An obsolete term for obstetrics, see there.
 
Philosophy
A pedagogical method which holds that every human has the capacity to understand truth, which remains latent until it is “given birth” by the Socratic method of challenging questions.
References in periodicals archive ?
The Protagorean-Heraclitean theory, as Socrates formulates it, requires a version of Socrates' maieutics in which Socrates is no longer the neutral helper and inspector but a coproducer of what Theaetetus is told is his alone.
Together they produce a total wisdom that claims to solve the problem that Socrates had put first to Theaetetus in casting doubt on Theodorus's competence, and that he had then let us formulate for ourselves in setting up the contrast between mathematics and maieutics.
30) Their saying could be further generalized: "[GREEK TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII]" ("Different tribes believe different gods"), and in this form it seems to bear a not too distant relation to the implication of Socrates' maieutics.
If the issue is viability, Socrates' maieutics is exactly parallel to his mother's, who would likewise have examined the offspring for signs of life.
47) Such a refashioning was made necessary once Socrates' maieutics were subject to examination in light of Theodorus's and Theaetetus's knowledge, and such a showing of Theodorus to himself freed him from his troublesome relations with other men and suggested his triumphant return to political life with almost infinite power.
Rather, he is saying what the character is of whatever offspring Socrates' maieutics examines.
If Socrates' maieutics is to be saved, it is necessary that the two parts of the Theaetetus be put together over against their manifest separation.
Since it is possible for someone to maintain any or all three of these propositions and be mistaken, why does Socrates fail to examine the combination of his three kinds of mistaking and thus reproduce here a parallel to the combination of Protagoras, Heraclitus, and Theaetetus that proved to be so fatal to his maieutics in the first part?
Accordingly, the first account of logos is equivalent to the problem posed by Socrates' own maieutics, that it must handle the soul as a whole if its matter is not to be reduced to speeches in themselves.
75) If, then, we insert this correction into the second possible meaning of logos, logos now means either knowledge of soul or knowledge of conversation, and the first two senses of logos then sum up the first part of Socrates' maieutics.
The four meanings of logos thus comprehend the range of Socrates' maieutics.
7) This end run around Socrates has the consequence that we are led to discount Socrates' maieutic knowledge, which resists the notion of the universality of science and elevates a private eccentricity into a principle.