Invasions of marine macroalgae
that have commercial value raise the
Results from the light attenuation model feed into the main `seagrass biomass' model, together with changing nutrient, salinity and temperature levels, and information on epiphytes (mainly microalgae), macroalgae
(seaweed) and different seagrass species.
The freshwater biota has been only partially studied with little research on the stream macroalgae
In general elevated nutrient loads increased the species richness of macrophytes and benthic invertebrates, the biomass of annual macroalgae
and of the majority of invertebrate feeding groups, and reduced the biomass of perennial macroalgae
The northern Baltic Sea area is strongly seasonally characterized, macroalgae
are periodically nutrient depleted, nutrient additions are temporally variable and occur in irregular pulses in our study area (Kotta et al.
Gross chemical composition of three common macroalgae
and a sea grass on the Pacific coast of Baja California, Mexico.
Abrasion also severely limited growth of macroalgae
and sessile invertebrates (Table 1).
The most serious symptom expressions of eutrophication included elevated chlorophyll a, macroalgae
blooms, and nuisance/toxic blooms.
Within this list, 24 additional species of macroalgae
are reported that had not been previously noted in the Corpus Christi Bay area by past research, nine of which have a tropical affinity.
quantities of macroalgae
, which remove nitrogen and phosphorus from the
The development and spread of the mats of sea lettuce and the other macroalgae
have degraded estuarine environments.
4) from Baltic red macroalgae
were carried out in the second half of the 1990s.