If such structures happen to fit their organization's contingencies, performance need not suffer, but if task and environment suggest a nonmechanistic organization structure, CEOs characterized by high Machiavellianism
are expected to persist in preferring a mechanistic structure.
The results reported in Table 4 are very similar to the results in Table 3: Faith in People, Self-Esteem and its square, Machiavellianism
and its square, Locus of Control, Desire for Control, and Downward Mobility remain significant.
Belfort's (2008) autobiographical account, The Wolf of Wall Street, centers on the belief that manipulative, persuasive, behavior is useful for accomplishing personal objectives--the cornerstone of Machiavellianism
as a personality trait.
To start with machiavellianism
, it has been reported that adolescents with high level of this trait lack sympathy for others (Sutton and Keogh, 2000) and are more likely to harass others (Peeters, Cillessen, and Scholte, 2010), though, in a study by Jones and Paulhus (2009) it was not found to be much related to outright aggression.
A question that has not been answered in prior studies is what factors would cause an employee to fail to detect a supervisor's Machiavellianism
behind ethical behaviors.
, Pakistan, women, validation, Urdu, translation
Even accounting academic research is becoming curious about how DT personalities may potentially exert a pernicious influence on financial reporting and auditing; several studies posit that CEOs and CFOs may possess DT personalities, with one finding that psychopathy was the trait most strongly linked to bullying behaviors, followed by Machiavellianism
Exploring narcissism, psychopathy, and machiavellianism
in youth: Examination of associations with antisocial behavior and aggression.
Males were also found to have higher hubristic pride scores as previously found (Else-Quest, Higgins, Allison, & Morton, 2012) and is associated with traits such as narcissism and Machiavellianism
(Tracy, Cheng, Robins & Trzesniewski, 2009).
In a study of Machiavellianism
among notable 20th-century leaders, Bedell, Hunter, Angie, and Vert (2006) found that this characteristic was mitigated by leadership style, with pragmatic leaders showing more Machiavellianism
than charismatic or ideological leaders.
O'Fallon and Butterfield (2005) also found that personality variables including locus of control and Machiavellianism
influence ethical decision-making.
Previously published in Emerald journals between 2010 and 2012, the eight articles in this volume address topics in accounting ethics: accounting ethics education, the effects of organizational ethical climate and culture on conflict and commitment among Chinese accountants, the effects of ethical context and Machiavellianism
on attitudes towards earning management in China, ethics and accounting practices in New Zealand, corporate social responsibility implementation, corruption and whistleblowing in international humanitarian aid agencies, the implications of Michel Foucault's late work in ethics and morality on critical accounting and management, and the effects of organizational change on Enron's ethics.