Also found in: Dictionary, Encyclopedia.
Related to Maass: Surya
Clara Louise (1876–1901). A graduate of the Christina Trefz Training School for Nurses in Newark who worked as a U.S. Army nurse during the Spanish-American War in Florida, Cuba, and the Philippines. In 1900 she returned to Cuba, where she was one of seven volunteers who were bitten by mosquitoes to test the theory that yellow fever is carried by mosquitoes. She survived an attack of yellow fever and volunteered to be bitten again; the second attack of fever proved fatal and she died at the age of 25 in Havana.
an American nurse who volunteered for military service at the outbreak of the Spanish-American War, after training and working at the Newark German Hospital, which has since been renamed for her. She worked at army camps where soldiers were dying of yellow fever and then volunteered to go to Havana to participate in experiments to determine the cause of that disease. She was bitten by a mosquito and died 10 days later of yellow fever. She was one of the first nurses to be inducted into the Hall of Fame of the American Nurses Association.