MRSA screening

MRSA screening

The testing of all members of a particular group of individuals for (benign) cutaneous or nasopharyngeal colonisation by meticillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus, to identify those at increased risk of healthcare associated infections, especially MRSA-bacteraemia following an intervention. The current standard in the UK is that all patients in certain groups (see table) undergoing elective procedures should be screened for MRSA. 

Patients needing MRSA screening 
• Burns patients
• Cardiothoracic
• High dependency unit
• Intensive care
• Neonatal
• Neurosurgery
• Oncology
• Orthopaedics patients
References in periodicals archive ?
The average cost per patient for the MRSA screening was US$11 (SD, 0), and the average cost per patient for the hand-made povidone-iodine nasal swabs was US$1 (SD, 0; Table 3).
Some tests may also be carried out such as MRSA screening and blood tests.
Antimicrobial susceptibility testing was performed by using cefoxitin disc 30 ug for MRSA screening.
As with many infections, this success can be attributed to a number of clinical measures - namely cannula packs, the meticulous care of invasive devices, MRSA Screening (both admission and pre-admission screening) and appropriate and timely decolonisation of patients found to be MRSA positive.
Considering recommendations to move from universal to targeted MRSA screening in hospitals in England (6), more active surveillance of any identified case-patients or carriers of MRSA in the community may be warranted.
Isolation of SA, MRSA screening and anti-microbial susceptibility profile were done in the Pathology Department of the hospital according to Centre for Disease Control (CDC) guidelines.
Table 1: Organisms isolated in MRSA screening of PG students Pre Exposed (28) Exposed (28) Organisms [June 2014] [Jan 2015] MRSA -- 09 MSSA 02 04 CONS -- 01 ASBs 06 05 Klebsiella sps 07 03 Citrobacter sps 01 -- Proteus sps -- 01 Escherichia coli 01 -- No growth 11 05 Table 2: Prevalence of S.
In addition, several states have passed or are considering legislation mandating the implementation of MRSA screening programs to reduce the risk to patients.
An MRSA screening program is now in place, and patients, visitors and staff are provided with antiseptic gel dispensers throughout the hospitals to keep their hands clean so that the risk of spreading the virus is reduced.