MMR vaccination

MMR vaccination

The standard vaccination for preventing measles, mumps and rubella.

Course
• First shot at 12–15 months.
• Second shot at age 4–6 or 11–12.
 
Adverse reactions
Anaphylactic shock, especially after egg ingestion—should have an allergy consult before considering vaccination with MMR; encephalitis within 15 days of immunisation.

Exemptions
Children with congenital immune dysfunction, cancer (especially if receiving RT, chemotherapy or steroids) or known allergies to eggs or neomycin; pregnant women should deliver before MMR vaccination if not previously vaccinated.

Contraindications
Pregnancy, immunodeficiency states, therapeutic immunosuppression, acute febrile disease.

MMR vaccination

A protective active immunization against measles, mumps and rubella that should be routine for all children unless a strong medical reason contraindicates it. Concern was raised in 1998 that MMR vaccination could lead to an intestinal disorder that allows the absorption of otherwise non-permeable peptides capable of causing autism and other developmental problems. The evidence was reviewed by the Joint Committee on Vaccination and Immunization and no case was found for abandoning a vaccine of proved effectiveness and safety.
References in periodicals archive ?
The MMR vaccine is a combined inoculation which protects against measles, mumps and rubella - the full course of MMR vaccination requires two doses.
Because the outbreak occurred in a community with low MMR vaccination coverage, measles spread rapidly, resulting in thousands of exposures in child care centers, schools, and health care facilities.
Perhaps the most powerful example of this was the suggestion that the MMR vaccination could increase the risk of a child developing autism.
There are reports of acute pancreatitis in children after MMR vaccination but the development of a pancreatic pseudocyst has never been reported.
Sheikh Dr Mohamed bin Hamad al-Thani, director of Public Health at one of the schools adminsitering MMR vaccination
Measles is a highly infectious viral illness that can be unpleasant and sometimes lead to serious complications but is now less common in the UK because of the effective MMR vaccination programme.
Its now uncommon in the UK because of the effective MMR vaccination programme.
David Egbert, said he had an influx of calls from concerned parents asking to hold off on the MMR vaccination in order to prioritise the meningococcal meningitis one.
A spokeswoman for GEMS said: "On the advice of the DHA, where a child has already received MMR vaccination and this is recorded, they are not expected to repeat the vaccination.
It was found that even in children with a higher risk of developing the disorder, receiving the MMR vaccination did not affect how likely they were to receive a diagnosis of autistic spectrum disorder later on.
Rates of MMR vaccination in affected communities fell well short of the level needed for herd immunity, wrote Maimuna Majumder of Children's Hospital Boston and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Mass.
Dr Hayes said: "They only had part protection as they were too young to have had a full MMR vaccination (the two doses).