Ménière’s diseaseAn idiopathic inner ear disorder which affects hearing and balance.
Vertigo, profound hearing loss in one or more ears, tinnitus and a sensation of fullness in the ear.
Head trauma (acoustic and physical), viral labyrinthitis (mumps, measles, influenza, mastoiditis, otosclerosis, meningitis, diphtheria, syphilis), autoimmune disease, Cogan syndrome, dysautonomia, perilymph fistula, multiple sclerosis, acoustic neuroma, hypo- and hyperthyroidism, idiopathic.
Clinical history is of paramount importance in the diagnosis of Ménière’s disease, as specific tests do not exist.
Dehydrating agents (e.g., furosemide) improve the vestibular response of the affected ear and form the basis of the Lasix test; labyrinthectomy.