Lysenkoism


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Lysenkoism

(lĭ-sĕng′kō-ĭz′əm)
n.
A biological doctrine championed by Trofim Lysenko that maintained that environmentally induced traits could be inherited and that rejected the principles of genetics and natural selection.
A pseudoscientific doctrine based on Lamarckism, espoused by Russian geneticist TD Lysenko, which formed the basis of Soviet genetics from 1932 to 1965
References in periodicals archive ?
European crop science has probably already been harmed by the controversies associated with GM crops as noted in the discussion of Political Lysenkoism.
It's an American version of Lysenkoism - a Soviet-era corruption of science by ideology.
Thatcher was also a very strong supporter of comprehensive schools ( 'let all our children grow to the same height and intelligence') - blatant Lysenkoism and that alone should be enough to question her right-wing credentials.
a time when intellectuals, scientists, and artists, to say nothing of politicians and political dissidents, were the victims of systematic purges; when Lysenkoism was the official doctrine of state, and when not only Darwinism but other manifestations of "bourgeois science," such as the theory of relativity, were proscribed .
The positivist-minded will see any tainting of the constitutive by the contextual as bad science; such episodes as Lysenkoism in the Soviet Union or the Nazi's dismissal of the theory of relativity as "Jewish Physics" can make this look pretty reasonable.
As philosopher Paul Boghossian remarks in a thoughtful consideration of the Sokol hoax, that way leads to completely socially determined science and to such destructive madness as Lysenkoism in the Soviet Union and "Aryan science" in Germany.
Though the ban was brief and Lysenkoism, as a leading biological doctrine, was eventually deposed in favour of Mendelism, Lysenkoism remains a paradigmatic example of pernicious political interference in science.