Lysenkoism

(redirected from Lysenko affair)
Also found in: Dictionary, Encyclopedia.
Related to Lysenko affair: Lysenko doctrine

Lysenkoism

(lĭ-sĕng′kō-ĭz′əm)
n.
A biological doctrine championed by Trofim Lysenko that maintained that environmentally induced traits could be inherited and that rejected the principles of genetics and natural selection.
A pseudoscientific doctrine based on Lamarckism, espoused by Russian geneticist TD Lysenko, which formed the basis of Soviet genetics from 1932 to 1965
References in periodicals archive ?
As Pollock points out, the Lysenko affair may have been bad for genetics, but it was very good for the prestige of "science" as a domain of endeavor in the Soviet Union--Stalin made ideas and intellectual work the forefront of Soviet civilization.
Given the tenacity and ubiquity of that classic picture of Stalinist science as the Lysenko affair writ large, the historians' acts of creative destruction are long overdue and greatly appreciated.
For some of the classic English-language treatments, see Krementsov, Stalinist Science; David Joravsky, The Lysenko Affair (Cambtidge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1970); Loren R.