Lophophora williamsii


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Lophophora williamsii

(lō-fof'ŏ-ră wil-yăm'sē-ī),
Cactus; source of peyote (mescal button); it contains over a dozen alkaloids, of which mescaline is the most important; others are pellotine, anhalomine, anhalonidine, anhalamine, anhalinine, anhalidine, and lophophorine.
The trivial name for mushrooms of genus Psilocybe, which contain psychotropics, psilocybin, psilocin
Herbal medicine A North American cactus, with > 50 distinct alkaloids—mescaline is the most active—and best-known for its hallucinatory effects; it is integral to some Native American tribal rituals in the American southwest, but is otherwise illegal
Substance abuse The flowering heads—mescal buttons—are hallucinogenic Clinical features Minutes after ingestion, euphoria, hallucinations, tachycardia, mydriasis, rarely fever, seizures

Lophophora williamsii,

n See peyote.
References in periodicals archive ?
Se elaboro una lista (Tabla I) con 19 generos, 59 especies y nueve categorias infraespecificas, las cuales fueron todas recolectadas, con excepcion de Lophophora williamsii.
Mescaline is the major psychoactive alkaloid of two cactus species, Lophophora williamsii (Lem.
Whereas the alkaloids of Trichocereus pachanoi consist mainly of mescaline and related phenethylamines, Lophophora williamsii contains a mixture of mescaline and tetrahydroisoquinoline alkaloids, such as pellotine, anhalonidine, lophophorine and anhalonine (Bruhn et al.