LINAC

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LINAC

Acronym of linear accelerator.

LINAC

abbreviation for linear accelerator.

linear accelerator

A device that accelerates radioactive particles and beams to body regions affected by malignancy, while minimising damage to normal tissue. Linear accelerators use electrodes and gaps arranged in a straight line, proportioned so when electrical potentials are varied with the proper amplitude and frequency, particles passing through the waveguide receive successive increments of energy, and are therefore accelerated; the device delivers therapeutic radiation in the range of 4 to 25 million volts, as either intense radiation or high-energy electron beams—most commonly, 60Co, delivering 2–10 Gy/min (200–1,000 rads/min) at the centre of an internal malignancy. 

Types
External beam radiation therapy, stereotactic body radiotherapy, stereotactic radiosurgery.

Indications
Head and neck cancer, prostate cancer, Hodgkin lymphoma and other lymphoproliferative malignancies, seminomas and localised breast cancer, in combination with an excision of malignant lumps.
References in periodicals archive ?
The preferred option is to acquire a new linac costing PS1.
James's will be replacing the standard MLCs on eight of its 10 Elekta linacs with Agility.
At a time when there is a significant emphasis being placed on fiscal prioritization at hospitals and clinics around the world, Brainlab is helping to provide doctors and administrators with flexible configurations for new or existing LINAC technology that offer the precision and automation of ExacTrac, said Stefan Vilsmeier, President and CEO, Brainlab.
Table 1: Elemental words by periodic table group group longest elemental words 1 LiNaCs 2 CaRaCaRa 3 UNdErLaYEr, ThErEuNdEr 4 TiTi 5 TaV 6 MoW 7 Re 8 RuRu, RuFe, FeHs 9 Coir, CoCo 10 NiDs 11 Cu, Ag 12 -- 13 AlBInAl 14 SiC 15 BiBi, BiAs 16 PoSSeSSeS 17 CUFF 18 HeXeNe, HeArNe
87m for phase one of the site improvement project for Velindre, includes a linac, two linac bunkers and a replacement linac.
Linacs provide a computerised 3-D reconstruction of a patient's anatomy to allow clinicians to deliver radiotherapy more precisely and reduce the risk to healthy organs.
The PLIA might reduce accelerator capital costs a hundred-fold compared to induction linacs," Logan said.
Also, industry developments like development of LINACs, rapid Arc therapy and proton therapy; growth drivers including rising cancer cases, increasing use of alcohol and tobacco, expanding obese population and ageing population, rising healthcare expenditure and increasing GNI; and challenges like fatal cancer types, risks associated with treatment procedure and side effects, increasing treatment costs and price pressure among others are discussed in detail.
In September 2015, Inkosi Albert Lathuli Central Hospital, Durban, will begin the clinical use of two Versa HD linacs together with MOSAIQ.
com)-- RadParts is proud to announce their August 2013 special on all Millennium MLC Full & Half Leaf Motors for all Varian Linacs equipped with the Millennium MLC.
The centre's radiotherapy service is provided by three older generation linacs and a lower energy radiotherapy machine is used for treating superficial skin tumours.
These include Musgrove Park Hospital, an [pounds sterling]18m private finance initiative operating an Elekta Synergy system and three Precise Treatment System (TM) linacs.