distraction osteogenesis

(redirected from Limb-lengthening surgery)

distraction osteogenesis

a technique of inducing new bone formation by dividing a bone and applying tension through an external fixation device to lengthen the bone.

dis·trac·tion os·te·o·gen·e·sis

(dis-trak'shŭn os'tē-ō-jen'ĕ-sis)
A technique of inducing new bone formation by dividing a bone and applying tension through an external fixation device to lengthen the bone.

distraction osteogenesis

Abbreviation: DO
A method of lengthening bones by making a series of controlled fractures which are then spread to desired locations and held in place with hinges, rods, and/or wires. The technique is used primarily in orthopedic or maxillofacial surgery to repair deficits in long bones or facial bones.
See also: osteogenesis

distraction

1. diversion of attention.
2. separation of joint surfaces without rupture of their binding ligaments and without displacement.
3. surgical separation of the two parts of a bone after it is transected.

distraction index
a measure of hip laxity in which the degree of subluxation demonstrated radiographically when some stress is applied to the femurs is assessed as an indicator of hip dysplasia in dogs.
distraction osteogenesis
the development of new bone growth in an area subjected to gradual tension stress by the deliberate separation of fragments by traction.
References in periodicals archive ?
Recovery of muscle strength and power after limb-lengthening surgery.
Frank discusses four types of surgery: surgically shaping women's feet to fit into designer shoes, limb-lengthening surgery on children with congenital dwarfism, intersex surgery on children with anomalous genitalia, and craniofacial surgery on children with major facial deformities.
This dual emphasis--that only the individual can decide for him/herself, and that no one else can judge that decision--is repeated in Internet chat groups of people who are planning or considering limb-lengthening surgery.
The choice of limb-lengthening surgery is a form of normalization--fitting the body to the demands of society rather than calling on society to create accommodations for different bodies--and normalization has a bad name in an age of disability rights.
Limb-lengthening surgery is performed on teenagers who participate in the decision for surgery, as Mueller carefully specifies she did.