No patient had involvement of all of the cranial nerves except one patient with leptomeningeal carcinomatosis
who presented with bilateral involvement of 7 cranial nerves III, IV, VI, VII, VIII, IX, and X.
In head and neck cancers, the great majority of patients with leptomeningeal carcinomatosis
originating from PNI have no evidence of lymph node metastasis, confirming that the process of PNI is a distinct way of metastasis [28, 29].
The report concluded that the images are consistent with leptomeningeal carcinomatosis
with mild hydrocephalus (Fig.
In addition, leptomeningeal carcinomatosis
, the most frequent form of brain metastasis from prostate cancer, has a very poor prognosis.
Treatment of leptomeningeal carcinomatosis
from gastric cancer.
Valerie has been diagnosed with leptomeningeal carcinomatosis
, which is very rare and usually a secondary or metastatic cancer.
Follow-up tests revealed Harper had leptomeningeal carcinomatosis
, a rare type of cancer that occurs in the meninges, thin membranes, that surrounds the brain and spinal cord.
The aim of this study was to compare the sensitivity of gadolinium-enhanced T1-weighted MRI and gadolinium-enhanced FLAIR MR imaging in detecting leptomeningeal carcinomatosis
Beta-glucuronidase -- A normal enzyme occurring abnormally in CSF in leptomeningeal carcinomatosis
Differential diagnosis after imaging studies were completed included the possibility of infectious meningitis, leptomeningeal carcinomatosis
, or meningioma.
In cases of breast cancer, the diagnoses of parenchymal brain metastases and leptomeningeal carcinomatosis
are often delayed (1).
Marc Chamberlain, MD -- Professor of Neurology, University of Washington, a world renowned neuro-oncologist, well known for his work on leptomeningeal carcinomatosis