The chapter on Leopold von Sacher-Masoch
, which combines an attempted rediscovery with a discussion of his conflicting representations of Eastern European Jews, most clearly marks the methodological problems of an analysis which tries to assess the 'responsibility' of the authors for their 'negative Jewish characters' (p.
Tops & Bottoms approaches S&M ideologically, first from a historical perspective, working its way up from the flagellating monks in the Middle Ages, through the 1700s and the Marquis de Sade, the 1800s and Leopold von Sacher-Masoch
Perhaps sensing a need for context, producer-director Christine Richey spends much time laying meticulously illustrated groundwork of research by Marquis de Sade, Leopold von Sacher-Masoch
, Richard yon Kraftt-Ebing and Erich Fromm.
The middle four chapters examine the history of sumptuary laws in Britain; the construction of fur as a sexual fetish in the late nineteenth-century novel by Leopold von Sacher-Masoch
, Venus in Furs; the visual history of fur in painting and illustration; and the circulation of femininity, money, sexuality and fur in three twentieth-century films.
It was the birthplace of Leopold von Sacher-Masoch
, a writer sympathetic to the cause of oppressed minorities.
Hemingway's work does not feature incidents of female domination in the sense of the woman with the whip who so intoxicated Leopold von Sacher-Masoch