Leishmania mexicana pifanoi(redirected from Leishmania pifanoi)
Leish·man·i·a mex·i·ca'n·a pi·fa·'no·i
a strain of Leishmania mexicana accorded species status by those who consider it responsible for the diffuse or disseminated form of cutaneous leishmaniasis. It is responsible for this condition in Venezuela, where it was described, but it is now recognized that several species and subspecies of Leishmania cause similar disseminated forms of leishmaniasis in widely separated regions (Leishmania mexicana amazonensis, Leishmania aethiopica); absence or suppression of the cell-mediated immune response in the host is also an important factor in induction of diffuse cutaneous leishmaniasis.
Synonym(s): Leishmania pifanoi
a genus of protozoan parasites transmitted by sandflies, which also act as intermediate hosts.
found in lizards and other mammals.
reservoir hosts are hyraxes.
Leishmania brasiliensis brasiliensis
reservoir hosts are forest rodents. Causes mucocutaneous leishmaniasis in humans.
Leishmania brasiliensis guyanensis
dogs are infected; in humans the disease is the cutaneous form in most cases.
Leishmania brasiliensis panamensis
reservoirs are sloths, kinkajous and many other forest animals.
causes visceral leishmaniasis in humans and dogs.
causes visceral leishmaniasis in humans and in carnivores.
causes cutaneous leishmaniasis in guinea pigs.
causes visceral leishmaniasis in dogs and other carnivores. In humans it is children who are most commonly affected.
dogs and bush mammals are reservoir hosts. In humans this is the cause of oriental sore, the important cutaneous form of the disease.
Leishmania mexicana amazonensis
causes cutaneous leishmaniasis in humans. Rodents and bush animals are reservoir hosts.
Leishmania mexicana mexicana
reservoir hosts are rodents; causes cutaneous leishmaniasis in humans.
Leishmania mexicana pifanoi
causes chronic cutaneous leishmaniasis in humans.
causes cutaneous leishmaniasis in humans; probably infests dogs.
causes cutaneous leishmaniasis in humans and dogs.