Leishmania aethiopica


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Leish·man·i·a ae·thi·o·'pi·ca

an African species of Leishmania responsible for human cutaneous leishmaniasis in Ethiopia, with a reservoir of human infection in the rock hyraxes, Procavia capensis and Heterohyrax brucei, and in Kenya, with reservoirs in the tree hyrax, Dendrohyrax arboreus, and the giant rat, Cricetomys gambianus; vectors are the sandflies Phlebotomus longipes and P. pedifer. It causes a cutaneous leishmaniasis of three types: classical oriental sore, mucocutaneous leishmaniasis, and diffuse cutaneous leishmaniasis; ulceration is late or absent and healing takes one to three years.

Leishmania

a genus of protozoan parasites transmitted by sandflies, which also act as intermediate hosts.

Leishmania adleri
found in lizards and other mammals.
Leishmania aethiopica
reservoir hosts are hyraxes.
Leishmania brasiliensis brasiliensis
reservoir hosts are forest rodents. Causes mucocutaneous leishmaniasis in humans.
Leishmania brasiliensis guyanensis
dogs are infected; in humans the disease is the cutaneous form in most cases.
Leishmania brasiliensis panamensis
reservoirs are sloths, kinkajous and many other forest animals.
Leishmania chagasi
causes visceral leishmaniasis in humans and dogs.
Leishmania donovani
causes visceral leishmaniasis in humans and in carnivores.
Leishmania enriettii
causes cutaneous leishmaniasis in guinea pigs.
Leishmania infantum
causes visceral leishmaniasis in dogs and other carnivores. In humans it is children who are most commonly affected.
Leishmania major
dogs and bush mammals are reservoir hosts. In humans this is the cause of oriental sore, the important cutaneous form of the disease.
Leishmania mexicana amazonensis
causes cutaneous leishmaniasis in humans. Rodents and bush animals are reservoir hosts.
Leishmania mexicana mexicana
reservoir hosts are rodents; causes cutaneous leishmaniasis in humans.
Leishmania mexicana pifanoi
causes chronic cutaneous leishmaniasis in humans.
Leishmania peruviana
causes cutaneous leishmaniasis in humans; probably infests dogs.
Leishmania tropica
causes cutaneous leishmaniasis in humans and dogs.
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