Legg-Calve-Perthes disease

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a disease of the growth ossification centers in children, beginning as a degeneration or necrosis followed by regeneration or recalcification; known by various names, depending on the bone involved.
osteochondrosis defor´mans ti´biae tibia vara.

Legg-Cal·vé-Per·thes dis·ease

, Legg-Perthes diseaseLegg disease (leg kahl-vā' per'tĕz), Avoid the misspellings Perth and Perthe's. Avoid the incorrect expression leg of Perthes.
epiphysial osteonecrosis of the upper end of the femur.

Legg-Calvé-Perthes disease

Etymology: Arthur T. Legg, American surgeon, 1874-1939; Jacques Calvé, French orthopedist, 1875-1954; Georg C. Perthes, German surgeon, 1869-1927


Orthopedics Inflammation of bone and joint surfaces–usually aseptic; note: A legacy of the German school of medicine was eponymic immortalization of osteochondritis in each joint
Osteochondritis eponyms
Freiberg's disease–metatarsal head
Haglund's disease–calcaneus
Köhler's disease–tarsal-navicular bones
Legg-Calve-Perthes disease–femoral head
Osgood-Schlatter disease–tibial tubercle
Panner's disease–humeral head
Sinding-Larsen-Johannson disease–patella
Thiemann's disease–metacarpal and metatarsal bones
Wegner's disease–osteochondritis with epiphyseal separation–congenital syphilis

Legg-Cal·vé-Per·thes dis·ease

(leg kahl-vē pār'tĕz di-zēz')
Self-limiting pediatric disease of the femoral head caused by poor circulation. The degeneration of the femoral head is followed by regeneration and absorption of bone. The process may take 4 years. Usually found in children aged 4-8 years.
Synonym(s): coxa plana.


Jacques, French orthopedic surgeon, 1875-1954.
Calvé disease - vertebral osteochondrosis.
Calvé-Perthes disease - Synonym(s): Legg-Calvé-Perthes disease
Legg-Calvé-Perthes disease - see under Legg


Arthur T., U.S. orthopedic surgeon, 1874-1939.
Legg-Calvé-Perthes disease - epiphysial aseptic necrosis of the upper end of the femur. Synonym(s): Calvé-Perthes disease; coxa plana; Perthes disease; pseudocoxalgia; quiet hip disease
Legg osteotome


Georg C., German surgeon, 1869-1927.
Calvé-Perthes disease - Synonym(s): Legg-Calvé-Perthes disease
Legg-Calvé-Perthes disease - see under Legg
Perthes disease - Synonym(s): Legg-Calvé-Perthes disease
Perthes incision
Perthes lesion
Perthes sling - used primarily for patients with Legg-Calvé-Perthes disease to support the leg in partial flexion.
Perthes test - for patency of the deep femoral vein.
Legg-Calvé-Perthes disease aseptic necrosis (osteochondritis) of femoral head; tends to affect boys aged 2-16 years of age, presenting as pain and hip dysfunction; see Table 1
Table 1: Presentations of osteochondritis/osteochondrosis in the leg and foot
OCSite affectedTypeAge of onset (years)
Blount's diseaseProximal tibial epiphysisUnderdevelopment of medial epiphysis1-3; 6-13
Buschke's diseaseCuneiformsOssification anomaly11-15
Freiberg's diseaseSecond/third metatarsal headCrushing OC12-18
Iselin's diseaseBase of fifth metatarsalTraction apophysitis11-15
Kohler's diseaseNavicularCrushing OC3-7
Legg-Calve-Perthe diseaseCapital femoral epiphysisTrue OC2-16
Osgood-Schlatter diseaseTibial tuberosityTrauma-related11-15
Osteochondritis dissecansTalar dome
Lateral femoral condyle of knee
Sever's diseaseCalcaneal apophysisTraction apophysitis10-14
Sinding-Larson-Johansson diseasePatellaTraction apophysitis10-14
Treve's diseaseSesamoids (1 MTPJ)True OC15-20

1 MTPJ, first metatarsophalangeal joint.

Legg-Calvé-Perthes disease

an idiopathic necrosis and lysis of the femoral head; occurs in young, small-breed dogs. Lameness of varying severity occurs and a degenerative arthropathy follows. Surgical removal of the femoral head is the usual treatment. Called also Legg's disease, Legg-Calvé disease, Perthes disease.
References in periodicals archive ?
Comparison of MRI with subchondral fracture in the evaluation of extent of epiphyseal necrosis in the early stage of Legg-Calve-Perthes disease, J Pediatr Orthop.
Quantitative measures for evaluating the radiographic outcome of Legg-Calve-Perthes disease.
Mose K, Methods of measuring in Legg-Calve-Perthes disease with special regard to the prognosis.
Fabry K, Fabry G, Moens P Legg-Calve-Perthes disease in patients under 5 years of age does not always result in a good outcome, Personal experience and meta-analysis of the literature.
Management of Legg-Calve-Perthes disease with acupuncture: a case report.