LTBI


Also found in: Acronyms.

LTBI

latent tuberculosis infection. Active tuberculosis may emerge in patients who have latent (inactive) infections when their immune systems fail, either because of malnutrition, or because they contract other diseases. The eradication of latent tuberculosis infection is a worldwide public health goal.
References in periodicals archive ?
In December 2014, Sanofi announced the FDA approval of Priftin in combination with isoniazide (INH) for the treatment of LTBI caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis in patients at high risk of progression to tuberculosis disease.
From a safety perspective, LTBI treatment is not trivial.
In those with positive screening TSTs, over 90% did not start or complete LTBI therapy.
With its higher specificity, fewer HCWs will require LTBI treatment at baseline screening.
If no signs of active disease are found, they are treated with antibiotics to lessen the odds of reactivation of LTBI.
This case was a 30 yr-old woman who developed TB following etanercept treatment for rheumatoid arthritis despite isoniazid prophylaxis for LTBI.
Some evidence suggests that immunosuppressive medications and diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis may themselves make a patient with LTBI anergic, thereby resulting in a false-negative TST.
Unlike standard vented parts, the vacuum-molded samples showed an extended plateau after achieving full cure, with no drop-off in LTBI.
Current Diagnosis of Infant Tuberculosis Infection covers problems concerning the diagnosis of LTBI, giving an overview of commercially available options and, unlike most reviews on this subject, also points out some tools currently under development.
The study's follow-up phase is now underway, and patients with LTBI will be evaluated for rates of disease and associated risks.
Contract award: Systematic review on effectiveness of interventions to improve initiation, adherence and completion of LTBI treatment.
2] The greatest burden of LTBI is in South-East Asia (46%), the Western Pacific region (32%), Africa (31%) and the Eastern Mediterranean region (27%) [3] Sub-Saharan Africa, however, has the largest number of persons with LTBI who are co-infected with HIV.