Klebsiella pneumoniae


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Kleb·si·el·la pneu·mo·ni·ae

a bacterial species found in soil and water, on grain, and in the intestinal tract of humans and other animals; it also occurs in association with several pathologic conditions, urinary tract infections, sputum, feces, and metritis in mares; capsular types 1, 2, and 3 of this organism may be causative agents in pneumonia; organisms previously identified as nonmotile strains of Aerobacter aerogenes are now placed in this species; it is the type species of Klebsiella.

Klebsiella pneumoniae

Etymology: Theodore A.E. Klebs; Gk, pneumon, lung
a species of gram-negative, nonmotile bacteria found in soil, water, cereal grains, and the intestinal tract of humans and other animals. It is associated with several pathological conditions, including pneumonia. It is commonly implicated in nosocomial urinary tract infections, especially in immunocompromised patients. Also called Friedländer's bacillus.
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Klebsiella pneumonia

Kleb·si·el·la pneu·mo·ni·ae

(kleb-sē-el'ă nū-mō'nē-ē)
A bacterial species found in soil and water, on grain, and in the intestinal tract of humans and other animals; it also occurs in association with several pathologic conditions, urinary tract infections, sputum, feces, and metritis in mares; capsular types 1, 2, and 3 of this organism may be causative agents in pneumonia; commonly associated with lobar pneumonia among hospitalized patients.
Synonym(s): Friedländer bacillus.

Klebs,

Theodor Albrecht Edwin, German physician, 1834-1913.
Klebsiella - a genus of bacteria (family Enterobacteriaceae) that occurs in the respiratory, intestinal, and urogenital tracts of humans as well as in soil, water, and grain.
Klebs disease
Klebs-Loeffler bacillus - a species that causes diphtheria and produces a powerful exotoxin causing degeneration of various tissues, notably myocardium. Synonym(s): Corynebacterium diphtheriae
Klebsiella oxytoca
Klebsiella pneumoniae - Synonym(s): Friedländer bacillus

Klebsiella

a genus of gram-negative bacteria in the tribe Klebsiellae, family Enterobacteriaceae. Includes K. mobilis (syn. Enterobacter aerogenes).

Klebsiella pneumoniae
carried in the vestibule of the vagina, urethra and clitoridal fossa of the mare as normal flora, but invasion of the cervix and uterus does occur, causing metritis and infertility. An occasional cause of bovine mastitis, hematogenous osteomyelitis originating in pulmonary lesions in cattle, bronchopneumonia in dogs, and pyothorax in horses.

Patient discussion about Klebsiella pneumoniae

Q. What is KLEBSIELLA PNEUMONIAE 0.00

A. Klebsiella is a bacteria that can cause different types of infections such as a urinary tract infection or pneumonia, and is considered a not very common pathogen among patients in the community (meaning outside the hospital). It is known as a pathogen that attacks hospitalized patients at a higher frequency and needds good antibiotic treatment.

More discussions about Klebsiella pneumoniae
References in periodicals archive ?
Tracking nosocomial Klebsiella pneumoniae infections and outbreaks by whole genome analysis: small-scale Italian scenario within a single hospital.
The importance of long-term acute care hospitals in the regional epidemiology of Klebsiella pneumoniae carbapenemase-producing Enterobacteriaceae.
Complicated Intra-Abdominal Infections (cIAI) AVYCAZ, in combination with metronidazole, is indicated for the treatment of complicated intra-abdominal infections (cIAI) caused by the following susceptible microorganisms: Escherichia coli, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Proteus mirabilis, Providencia stuartii, Enterobacter cloacae, Klebsiella oxytoca, and Pseudomonas aeruginosa in patients 18 years or older.
With recent funding from the National Institutes of Health under a program to fund high-risk, high-reward research, Russo and his UB colleagues are studying the microbiology of the new variant of Klebsiella pneumoniae in an effort to identify the genes that make it hypervirulent so they can figure out how to stop it in its tracks.
Outer membrane profiles of clonally related Klebsiella pneumoniae isolates from clinical samples and activities of cephalosporins and carbapenems.
Molecular epidemiology of plasmid spread among extended broad-spectrum [beta] -lactamase-producing Klebsiella pneumoniae isolates in a pediatric hospital.
Extended-spectrum and AmpC [beta]-lactamases in Eseherichia coli and Klebsiella pneumoniae from a rural South Indian tertiary care hospital.
Uropathogens included Escherichia coli (43), Klebsiella pneumoniae (13), Proteus mirabilis (4), Group B Streptococcus (1), and Citrobacter freundii complex (4).
At Lok Nayak Hospital, New Delhi, India, Klebsiella pneumoniae is the main organism responsible for ventilator-associated pneumonia, septic shock and other infections.
Foster City, CA) has patented a method and a composition for treatment of pulmonary bacterial infections caused by gram-negative bacteria suitable for treatment of infection caused by Escherichia coli, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Klebsiella oxytoca, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Haemophilus influenzae, Proteus mirabilis, Enterobacter species, Serratia marcescens as well as those caused by Burkholderia cepacia, Stenotrophomonas maltophilia, Alcaligenes xylosoxidans, and multidrug resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa, using a concentrated formulation of aztreonam lysinate delivered as an aerosol or dry powder formulation.