developmental disability

(redirected from Intellectual impairment)
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Related to Intellectual impairment: Intellectual disabilities

disability

 [dis″ah-bil´ĭ-te]
1. impairment of function to below the maximal level, either physically or mentally.
2. anything that causes such impairment.
3. the United States Government defines a disability as “a physical or mental impairment that substantially limits one or more of an individual's major life activities:” this includes both those individuals with a record of an impairment and those regarded as having such an impairment.
4. the World Health Organization defines disability as loss of function at the level of the whole person, which may include inability to communicate or to perform mobility, activities of daily living, or necessary vocational or avocational activities; rehabilitation is aimed at teaching patients to remediate or compensate and thus maximize functional independence. See also handicap and impairment.
developmental disability a substantial handicap in mental or physical functioning, with onset before the age of 18 and of indefinite duration. Examples are autism, cerebral palsy, uncontrolled epilepsy, certain other neuropathies, and mental retardation.

de·vel·op·men·tal dis·a·bil·i·ty

loss of function brought on by prenatal and postnatal events in which the predominant disturbance is in the acquisition of cognitive, language, motor, or social skills; for example, mental retardation, autistic disorder, learning disorder, and attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder.

developmental disability

n.
A physical, cognitive, or emotional impairment, often caused by a neurodevelopmental disorder such as cerebral palsy or autism spectrum disorder, that appears early in life and limits a person's ability to learn, communicate, or perform one or more activities of daily life.

developmental disability (DD)

a pathological condition that starts developing before 18 years of age. Most developmental disabilities persist throughout the individual's life, although many can be effectively treated. See also congenital anomaly.

de·vel·op·men·tal dis·a·bil·ity

(dĕ-vel'ŏp-men'tăl dis'ă-bil'i-tē)
Loss of function brought on by prenatal and postnatal events in which the predominant disturbance is in the acquisition of cognitive, language, motor, or social skills; e.g., mental retardation, autistic disorder, learning disorder, and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder.

de·vel·op·men·tal dis·a·bil·ity

(dĕ-vel'ŏp-men'tăl dis'ă-bil'i-tē)
Loss of function brought on by prenatal and postnatal events in which the predominant disturbance is in the acquisition of cognitive, language, motor, or social skills.

Patient discussion about developmental disability

Q. Is pervasive developmental disorder (PDD) or autism is fatal……what exactly it is……?

A. Autism is not fatal in its symptom and progression but it can become fatal as it does impair normal physiological function it CAN BE a fatal condition. It’s a group of illness which involves delays in the development of basic skills. It happens to children below age 3. It affects the child`s ability to communicate and interact. Autism affected children are also found to be mentally retarded.

More discussions about developmental disability
References in periodicals archive ?
Intellectual impairment refers to those disabilities that are pervasive and can be carried over into adulthood.
Stubblefield also reminds us that people with severe athetoid cerebral palsy were mistakenly labeled as having profound intellectual impairment.
The Shipley Institute of Living Scale (SILS) is a well-established test measuring intellectual ability and cognitive intactness and enjoys broad acceptance among the clinical field in assessing cognitive and intellectual impairment.
Even though a blood lead level of 10 [micro]g/dL is considered safe, a 2003 study lead by Richard Canfield, PhD at Cornell University found that some children experienced intellectual impairment at even lower levels of concentration, and there are medical experts who believe the threshold should be lowered yet again, to five [micro]g/dL.
Rhona Campbell, defending, said Al-Shamiri, who came to this country from the Yemen when he was seven, has an IQ just above the level of intellectual impairment and suffered domestic violence as a child.
In general, greater intellectual impairment is associated with more behavioral disturbances and so with pharmacotherapy, Dr.
Coffee is particularly effective in reducing sleep inertia, the feeling of grogginess and intellectual impairment that many individuals experience immediately after awakening.
The "savant syndrome" typically refers to the presence of exceptional skill in the context of more general, occasionally severe, intellectual impairment (Miller, 1999).
Consultant radiologist Paul Dubbins, from the Royal College of Radiologists, added: "There is some evidence to suggest that high-dose radiation to the brain in infancy - consistent with the dose of a CT - may have an increased risk of intellectual impairment.
A sometimes-subtle chronic intellectual impairment akin to organic brain syndrome was evident in roughly half of children tested using sensitive measures, according to Dr.
For crimes of supreme stupidity we need Clockwork Orange justice--strapping the hate criminal into a chair for an interminable period, and keeping his eyes wide-open with metal clamps so he cannot escape from an onslaught of cinematic imagery carefully designed to break his neurotic attachment to self-induced intellectual impairment.
Canfield RL, Henderson CR Jr, Cory-Slechta DA, Cox C, Jusko TA, Lanphear BE intellectual impairment in children with blood lead concentrations below 10 [micro]g per deciliter.

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