developmental disability

(redirected from Intellectual disabilities)
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disability

 [dis″ah-bil´ĭ-te]
1. impairment of function to below the maximal level, either physically or mentally.
2. anything that causes such impairment.
3. the United States Government defines a disability as “a physical or mental impairment that substantially limits one or more of an individual's major life activities:” this includes both those individuals with a record of an impairment and those regarded as having such an impairment.
4. the World Health Organization defines disability as loss of function at the level of the whole person, which may include inability to communicate or to perform mobility, activities of daily living, or necessary vocational or avocational activities; rehabilitation is aimed at teaching patients to remediate or compensate and thus maximize functional independence. See also handicap and impairment.
developmental disability a substantial handicap in mental or physical functioning, with onset before the age of 18 and of indefinite duration. Examples are autism, cerebral palsy, uncontrolled epilepsy, certain other neuropathies, and mental retardation.

de·vel·op·men·tal dis·a·bil·i·ty

loss of function brought on by prenatal and postnatal events in which the predominant disturbance is in the acquisition of cognitive, language, motor, or social skills; for example, mental retardation, autistic disorder, learning disorder, and attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder.

developmental disability

n.
A physical, cognitive, or emotional impairment, often caused by a neurodevelopmental disorder such as cerebral palsy or autism spectrum disorder, that appears early in life and limits a person's ability to learn, communicate, or perform one or more activities of daily life.

developmental disability (DD)

a pathological condition that starts developing before 18 years of age. Most developmental disabilities persist throughout the individual's life, although many can be effectively treated. See also congenital anomaly.

de·vel·op·men·tal dis·a·bil·ity

(dĕ-vel'ŏp-men'tăl dis'ă-bil'i-tē)
Loss of function brought on by prenatal and postnatal events in which the predominant disturbance is in the acquisition of cognitive, language, motor, or social skills; e.g., mental retardation, autistic disorder, learning disorder, and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder.

de·vel·op·men·tal dis·a·bil·ity

(dĕ-vel'ŏp-men'tăl dis'ă-bil'i-tē)
Loss of function brought on by prenatal and postnatal events in which the predominant disturbance is in the acquisition of cognitive, language, motor, or social skills.

Patient discussion about developmental disability

Q. Is pervasive developmental disorder (PDD) or autism is fatal……what exactly it is……?

A. Autism is not fatal in its symptom and progression but it can become fatal as it does impair normal physiological function it CAN BE a fatal condition. It’s a group of illness which involves delays in the development of basic skills. It happens to children below age 3. It affects the child`s ability to communicate and interact. Autism affected children are also found to be mentally retarded.

More discussions about developmental disability
References in periodicals archive ?
Dr Lamya Harub, co-founder of the Leadership Academy and volunteer in SOO said, 'The Academy is aimed at instilling trust and personal identity for athletes with intellectual disabilities to be able and qualified to rely on themselves.
Neural network, when administered on the total data obtained from both of the samples, showed type of disability as the most important predictor of NSSI which further supported the results that self-harm behaviour is prevailing among the participants with intellectual disabilities as compared to the participants with hearing loss.
Special Olympics is dedicated to improving the health and well-being of people with intellectual disabilities," said Fishburne.
The most common causes for intellectual disabilities are factors of a genetic origin, complications during pregnancy, childbirth or the post-natal period (2,3).
The campaign, funded by the Department of Culture, Media and Sport and jointly administered by DCMS and Sport England, aims to use sport and leadership skills to change perceptions of and attitudes towards young people with intellectual disabilities.
Greig agrees with this critique, but argues that the social model's strong emphasis on personal autonomy marginalizes those, like Ashley, whose intellectual disabilities place them in a state of complete dependency.
Objective: To study the psycho social problems faced by the mothers of children with intellectual disabilities.
The samples for this study consisted of seven children with intellectual disabilities selected through random sampling including; three girls and four boys of 5 to 15 years age studying at a Special School for children with intellectual disabilities located at Karachi.
EXPERTS from Cardiff University are among a team of academics involved in a study aimed at improving the understanding and treatment of intellectual disabilities in children.
Within complex educational settings, differing orientations toward students with disabilities has led to a myriad of interpretations of what it means to provide inclusive opportunities for students with special needs, in particular those with intellectual disabilities.
People with intellectual disabilities are a heterogeneous group, who can pose a challenge to services in terms of meeting a wide range of needs.