species of the family Curculionidae was found in several galls (n=48, 1-3 individuals per gall), either as larvae, pupae or even adults (Fig.
Resource and top-predator regulation in the pitcher plant (Sarracenia purpurea) inquiline
2007), suggesting that successful invasion of colonies by the inquiline
parasite may be influenced by host-parasite relatedness.
communities in pitcher plants as a prototypical metacommunity, p.
Role of Periclistus (Hymenoptera: Cynipidae) inquilines
in leaf galls of Diplolepis (Hymenoptera: Cynipidae) on wild roses in Canada.
purpurea pitchers (Cochran-Stafira 1993, Harvey and Miller, 1996), we cannot claim to fully understand all the possible interactions among pitcher inquilines
Ronqvist (1994) rigorously tested tree structure to confirm that the inquilines
dyscherus available for use and reused by inquilines
can be observed in the Fig.
For at least two of these inquilines
(the pitcher-plant mosquito Wyeomyia smithii Coquillet and the pitcher-plant midge Metriocnemus knabi Coquillet) the availability of captured prey limits individual growth, and ultimately population growth (Heard, 1994b) and may indirectly influence oviposition behavior (Heard, 1994a).
cannot induce galls therapies; instead they develop inside the galls of other cynipids.
Gallwasps (Cynipidae) are divided into 2 main trophic groups: the gall inducers and the gall-associated inquilines
, which together make up 8 tribes (Liljeblad et al.
In the Hymenoptera there are three types of social parasites in which the brood are raised by host workers: temporary social parasites, slave-makers (dulotics), and inquilines
or permanent social parasites.