The presence of a nonrecurrent inferior laryngeal
nerve (NRILN) is a significant risk factor for nerve injury during thyroid, parathyroid, and vascular surgeries involving the paratracheal area of the head and neck.
Voice and Swallowing Changes After Thyroidectomy in Patients Without Inferior Laryngeal
Nerve Injuries," Surgery 140, no.
There are numerous causes leading to paralysis of superior and/or inferior laryngeal
nerves, particularly of the inferior laryngeal
or recurrent nerve on its "long way" .
Whole body PET scan revealed multiple areas of increased uptake in the left lung, right apex and inferior laryngeal
region consistent with malignancy.