inductive reasoning

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inductive reasoning,

n analyzing a problem by working from specific facts and discovering general principles. See also deductive reasoning.
References in periodicals archive ?
If the size of the set of examples is small, for the inductive argument to be properly formed one must consider all, or the majority of, the examples.
As in Fink's inductive argument, that path system gives rise to a pairing in [G.
It should be noted that both the two cases and inductive argument types contributed to the growth rates.
Accommodating the desires of a specific interest represents unethical conduct; in this case, the inductive argument is invalid as it cannot be consistent with a principle of value rationale.
Similarly, if one wishes to object to the inter-level circularity found in inductive arguments for induction, the objection rests on the fact that a request for evidence that the conclusion of an inductive argument is justified can never be satisfied so long as one pushes the problem one level back by using an inductive form of argument to "defend" induction.
Inductive arguments provide less certainty, are murkier, than deductive arguments.
As it stands, this is a perfectly legitimate inductive argument, used all the time in daily life as well as in science.
The relationship between the premises and conclusion of an inductive argument is characterized by probability, because some uncertainty is associated with the truth of the conclusion.
Horst is at his most pompous when ignoring the arguments of others, writing condescendingly, 'I applaud Papineau's intellectual honesty' (130) but he ingenuously offers no reply to Papineau's inductive argument that the causal closure of the physical is reasonable to believe since no science invoking a nonphysical force has had any empirical success.
An externalist can agree with Fumerton that if I attempt to provide a justification for induction by presenting an inductive argument whose conclusion is that induction is reliable, then I will fail in my legitimating attempt.
It does not presuppose any particular position on the relation of induction to abduction, and it is unlike the old or new riddles of induction (see Goodman [1965]) because (i) it is empirical, not a priori, and (ii) in the limited form in which I defend it, the strength of the conclusion is not an invariant of the inductive argument form.
Since the book's discussion is, as he admits at the outset, far from comprehensive--omitting, in particular, inductive teleological and cosmological arguments, and the inductive argument from evil--Gale's final conclusion is the limited, hypothetical one that "if the only arguments [for belief] were the epistemological and pragmatic arguments examined .