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Etymology: ME, duete, conduct
(in law) an obligation owed by one party to another. Duty may be established by statute or other legal process, as by contract or oath supported by statute, or it may be voluntarily undertaken. Every person has a duty of care to all other people to prevent causing harm or injury by negligence.


Medical malpractice The failure or alleged failure on the part of a physician or other health care provider to exercise ordinary, reasonable, usual, or expected care, prudence, or skill–that would usually and customarily be exercised by other reputable physicians treating similar Pts–in performing a legally recognized duty, resulting in forseeable harm, injury or loss to another; negligence may be an act of omission–ie, unintentional, or commission–ie, intentional, characterized by inattention, recklessness, inadvertence, thoughtlessness, or wantonness. See Adverse event, Comparative negligence, Contributory negligence, Gross negligence, Malpractice, Wanton negligence, Willful negligence. Cf Recklessness.
Negligence, required elements  
Duty A recognized relationship between Pt and physician
Breach Failure of a medical practitioner to practice in accordance with standard of care
Proximate cause The plaintiff must show that injury is reasonably connected to physician's action
Damages Plaintiff must show that alleged loss or damage has a quantifiable value such that a monetary payment can be made APLM 1997; 121:252


(doo′tē, dū′)
A social, professional, legal, or ethical expectation that compels a standard of performance; an obligation or requirement.


n that which is due from a person; that which a person owes to another; an obligation.
References in periodicals archive ?
Projects located in industrial estates in Zone 2 (with the exception of Rayong) will be granted exemption from import duties on machinery for the next five years.
According to police, Minami Nippon Ham conspired with Kenji Nose, the head of a Canadian meat exporting firm, to evade taxes by abusing a taxation system that allows lower import duties on premium pork.
The Association had proposed over 50% cut in import duties to achieve the aims of the finance minister.
The abolition of import duties and the increase in the textile quota came after a visit of an EU delegation to Pakistan last month following Pakistan's decision to join the international coalition against terrorism.
Canada levies import duties of around 6% for autos imported from Japanese and European automakers.
The US will now impose 100% import duties against selected European products retrospectively from March 3.
The fraud cost the Polish government $130,000 in import duties.
When import duties are due on overseas parcels, they are collected by the Postal Service.
NEW YORK--If Malaysia loses its favored nation status, importers of metal beds and casual outdoor furniture made there say they will absorb the cost of the resulting import duties, or at least, will try to do so.
For example, Customs import duties are uniform across all Member States, being collected on behalf of the Commission, whilst each Member State levies and retains its own import VAT.
India raised bullion import duties to 10 per cent to dampen domestic demand and enacted tougher requirements on its traders by insisting that up to 20 per cent of their offtake should be destined for export markets.
Iran has traditionally raised and lowered import duties as a way to influence open market prices of goods.