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Etymology: ME, duete, conduct
(in law) an obligation owed by one party to another. Duty may be established by statute or other legal process, as by contract or oath supported by statute, or it may be voluntarily undertaken. Every person has a duty of care to all other people to prevent causing harm or injury by negligence.


Medical malpractice The failure or alleged failure on the part of a physician or other health care provider to exercise ordinary, reasonable, usual, or expected care, prudence, or skill–that would usually and customarily be exercised by other reputable physicians treating similar Pts–in performing a legally recognized duty, resulting in forseeable harm, injury or loss to another; negligence may be an act of omission–ie, unintentional, or commission–ie, intentional, characterized by inattention, recklessness, inadvertence, thoughtlessness, or wantonness. See Adverse event, Comparative negligence, Contributory negligence, Gross negligence, Malpractice, Wanton negligence, Willful negligence. Cf Recklessness.
Negligence, required elements  
Duty A recognized relationship between Pt and physician
Breach Failure of a medical practitioner to practice in accordance with standard of care
Proximate cause The plaintiff must show that injury is reasonably connected to physician's action
Damages Plaintiff must show that alleged loss or damage has a quantifiable value such that a monetary payment can be made APLM 1997; 121:252


(doo′tē, dū′)
A social, professional, legal, or ethical expectation that compels a standard of performance; an obligation or requirement.


n that which is due from a person; that which a person owes to another; an obligation.
References in periodicals archive ?
import duties on goods from about 130 developing, or small nations, expires today.
Further import duties for cars costing more than $40,000 have been increased to 100% in the recent budget.
The European Commission has decided to suspend import duties on soft wheat and barley until the end of June 2011 in order to ease the pressure on prices in the EU market, which are especially high for animal feed.
The government has scrapped import duties on industrial basic materials in 182 tariff categories and capital goods.
It reduces import duties on exports from both countries of dyes, other chemicals, textile and clothing machinery and finished clothes.
Japan welcomes a ruling by the appellate body of the World Trade Organization (WTO) that a Canadian law exempting from import duties only automobiles made by U.
25 of October 13, 1999 increasing import duties on a number of food products:
NEW DELHI (FNS)--The Indian government will further reduce peak import duties on a range of goods, especially raw materials and components that go into textiles effective immediately.
Not only does it allow us to cut costs on shipping and import duties, thereby improving margins, but it also allows us to bring production close to home and work with a company that has extensive experience in assembling quality consumer electronics.
At the Rs57-60 a dollar levels, there would be no need to maintain such high import duties.
It was also reported that under the proposed free-trade agreement (FTA) officially dubbed as Bilateral Investment and Trade Agreement (BTIA), EU wants India to slash import duties on passenger cars.
The government has also announced abolition of import duties for a year starting earlier this year on other food commodities, animal feed basic materials and fertilizers included in 57 tariff categories The commodities were part of those in 2,165 tariff categories to be exempted from import duties in December last year.