Immunocompromised


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Related to Immunocompromised: Immunocompromised host

immunocompromised

 [im″u-no-kom´pro-mīzd]
having the immune response attenuated by administration of immunosuppressive drugs, by irradiation, by malnutrition, or by certain disease processes such as the viral infection that produces the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS).

im·mu·no·com·pro·mised

(im'yū-nō-kom'prō-mīzd),
Denoting a person with an immunologic mechanism deficient either because of an immunodeficiency disorder or because it has been so rendered by immunosuppressive agents.

immunocompromised

/im·mu·no·com·pro·mised/ (-kom´pro-mīzd) having the immune response attenuated by administration of immunosuppressive drugs, by irradiation, by malnutrition, or by certain disease processes (e.g., cancer).

immunocompromised

(ĭm′yə-nō-kŏm′prə-mīzd, ĭ-myo͞o′-)
adj.
Incapable of developing a normal immune response, usually as a result of disease, malnutrition, or immunosuppressive therapy.

immunocompromised

[-kom′prəmīzd′]
Etymology: L, immunis, free from, compromittere, to promise mutually
pertaining to an immune response that has been weakened by a disease or an immunosuppressive agent.

immunocompromised

adjective Having an impaired immune responsiveness caused by acquired or congenital immunodeficiency, infection (e.g., HIV, TB) or chemotherapy.

immunocompromised

adjective Immunology Having an impaired immune responsiveness caused by acquired or congenital immunodeficiency, infection–eg, HIV, TB, or chemotherapy

im·mu·no·com·pro·mised

(im'yū-nō-kom'prŏ-mīzd)
Denoting an individual with deficient immunologic mechanisms either because of an immunodeficiency disorder or because the system has been rendered so by immunosuppressive agents.

Immunocompromised

A change or alteration of the immune system that normally serves to fight off infections and other illnesses. This can involve changes in antibodies that the body produces (hygogammaglobulinemia), or defect in the cells that partake in the immune response. Diseases such as AIDS and cancer exhibit changes in the body's natural immunity.

im·mu·no·com·pro·mised

(im'yū-nō-kom'prŏ-mīzd)
Denoting a person with an immunologic mechanism deficient either because of an immunodeficiency disorder or it made by immunosuppressive agents.

immunocompromised,

adj having the quality of an immune response that has been weakened by a disease or immunosuppressive agent.

immunocompromised

having reduced immune responsiveness as a result of inherited defects or infection, particularly by retroviruses and herpesviruses or by administration of immunosuppressive drugs, including antilymphocyte serum, by irradiation, by malnutrition, and by certain disease processes, e.g. cancer.
References in periodicals archive ?
In this article, we describe the case of an immunocompromised patient who had fulminant ethmoidal sinusitis with orbital involvement that was caused by Aspergillus flavus.
Patient 1 was severely immunocompromised despite HAART, while patient 2 responded poorly to HAART and had hepatitis C-related liver cirrhosis.
maltophilia in ready-to-eat salads, which are marketed in a manner that assumes the product does not need washing before consumption, is unknown; nevertheless the presence of the bacterium in these products serves to highlight recommendations that these items should be avoided by severely immunocompromised persons, especially those with neutropenia (9).
However, they have recently received much attention as a cause of Acanthamoeba keratitis in otherwise healthy individuals and opportunistic infections in immunocompromised patients.
Brown has already shown it to be an effective treatment for human tumors transplanted in immunocompromised mice.
Invasive infection is very rare in humans, and most were observed in immunocompromised patients, manifesting as osteomyelitis (3,4) or diffuse vascular brain invasion (5).
Inhalation of pathogenic waterborne microorganisms by immunocompromised patients can lead to debilitating and costly infections.
chelonae infections in an immunocompromised host are disseminated in >50% of those infected; chronic use of steroids, even in low doses, seems to be the most important predictive factor for disseminated disease (1,2).
Many different types of fungi can cause serious systemic infections in humans, and opportunistic fungal infections are now recognized as a major problem in immunocompromised patients.
Zoonotic transfer has been documented from dogs to immunocompromised patients by healthcare workers who own dogs.
Given the high incidence of invasive aspergillosis in immunocompromised patients, and high mortality rates despite available therapies, this potential new therapy could represent a significant breakthrough in antifungal medicine," said Kieren Marr, M.
Studies on the human fungal pathogen Cryptococcus neoformans, which causes life-threatening infections of the central nervous system, most commonly in immunocompromised hosts, were discussed.