imidacloprid


Also found in: Wikipedia.

imidacloprid

(im'i-dă-clō'prid),
A veterinary drug classed as a chloronicotinyl nitroguanidine insecticide; a topical therapy, usually applied monthly, acts by blocking the nicotinic acetylcholine receptors on the postsynaptic membrane of a receptor class present in insects only; resulting in paralysis and death; an important method of control of fleas in both adult and larval phases; not efficacious against the ascarid worm group.

imidacloprid

a neonicotinoid used topically on dogs and cats for its sustained adulticidal activity against fleas.
References in periodicals archive ?
Evaluacion de la efectividad biologica del insecticida imidacloprid + bifenthrin 250/50 para el control del Psilido Asiatico (Diaphorina citri) en el cultivo de limon mexicano (Citrus aurantifolia), en Tecoman, Colima.
Abstract: pe present study was conducted on pe residual removal of six pesticides (bifenprin profenofos endosulfan imidacloprid difenpiuron and emamectin benzoate) from brinjal by using various house hold processing mepods such as washing detergent washing peeling drying and cooking/frying etc.
The department's investigation found that Mischkot sprayed a pesticide containing the active ingredient imidacloprid on the grounds of the apartment complex in June, including on 17 linden trees - the same tree species at which there were mass bee death incidents elsewhere in Oregon last year.
In the study, all of the previously healthy colonies of bees exposed to imidacloprid or clothianidin--types of neonicotinoid pesticides--from July to September 2013 either died or exhibited CCD symptoms during the winter months.
To control for GWSS in citrus, an application of acetamiprid is typically made in late fall, followed by an application of systemic imidacloprid in the spring.
The researchers focused on concentrations of imidacloprid, the most commonly used neonicotinoid for years, which had been measured in 3,947 water samples from 555 locations across the Netherlands from 2003 to 2009.
The Dutch scientists showed that local bird populations were significantly lower in areas where there was more water contamination by the pesticide imidacloprid.
In the present study, the author investigate the evaluation of selected neonicotinoid pesticides, Imidacloprid 35% SC, Imidacloprid 70% WG, Acetamiprid 20% SP, and Thiamethoxam 18.
The study replicated a 2012 finding from the same research group that found a link between imidacloprid and Colony Collapse Disorder, in which bees abandon their hives over the winter and eventually die.
Imidacloprid is among the three neonicotinoids that the European Union placed a temporary ban on in 2012 because of concerns they are harming pollinators.
Researchers at the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) found that pesticide imidacloprid was associated with brain shrinkage, and reduced activity in nerve signals in newborn rats, while the other, acetamiprid led to reduced weight and reaction times, the Independent reported.
A May 2013 Dutch study, "Macro-Invertebrate Decline in Surface Water Polluted with Imidacloprid," found that agricultural run off was so concentrated with imidacloprid that it could be used itself as an effective pesticide.