IRB


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IRB

Abbreviation for institutional review board.

IRB

abbreviation for institutional review board.

IRB

Abbreviation for Institutional Review Board.

board

(bord) [Old English bord, board, table]
1. A long, flat piece of a substance such as wood or firm plastic.
2. A governing or oversight committee, such as one that directs the affairs of a hospital, clinic, company, or other organization.

American Board of Internal Medicine

See: American Board of Internal Medicine

arm board

1. A board placed under and attached to the arm for stabilization during intravenous administration.
2. A device attached to the sides of a wheelchair to permit support or positioning of the arm, esp. for persons with upper-extremity paralysis.

back board

A stiff board on which an individual with a known or suspected spinal or pelvic injury is secured so that the patient's neuraxis is splinted in-line during transport. The device should be used with a head immobilization device and a cervical collar.

balance board

Rocker board.

bed board

A firm board placed beneath a mattress to keep it from sagging. It is used to treat some persons with back difficulties. It is also used in cardiopulmonary resuscitation to improve the effectiveness of chest compressions.

communication board

Any device with letters, pictures, or words that lets patients with impaired physical and verbal ability express themselves.

foot board

A flat piece of material placed at the foot end of a patient's bed. It is angled slightly away from the patient and extends up above the mattress. When used properly it helps to prevent footdrop. The patient should be positioned in bed so that when the legs are fully extended the soles of the feet just touch the padded board.

board of health

A public body, appointed or elected, concerned with administering the laws pert. to the health of the public.

institutional review board

Abbreviation: IRB
A medical oversight committee that governs or regulates medical investigations involving human subjects. The purpose of the board is to protect the rights and health of participants in clinical trials.
See: informed consent

lap board

A tray or platform that is placed over the lap. When such a device is designed to be attached to a wheelchair in order to support the hands and arms or to permit manual activities, it is known as a wheelchair lap board.

long back board

A flat or slightly concave board approx. 6 ft long and 2 ft wide, often made of laminated wood or plastic, that is used to immobilize a patient with a mechanism for a potential neck or back injury. This device is used together with a cervical/head immobilization device or blanket roll and a rigid extrication collar.

message board

An Internet-based forum for posts and discussions about, e.g., a specific disease or condition.

National Athletic Trainers’ Association Board of Certification, Inc.

See: National Athletic Trainers’ Association Board of Certification, Inc.

National Board for Certification in Occupational Therapy

See: National Board for Certification in Occupational Therapy

National Board for Respiratory Care

See: National Board for Respiratory Care

rocker board

A board with rockers or a partial sphere on the undersurface so that a rocking motion occurs when a person stands on it. It is commonly used in therapy with children having central nervous system deficits to facilitate the development of appropriate equilibrium-related postural reflexes. It is also used in patients/clients of all ages to stimulate lower extremity and trunk proprioception and kinesthetic sense. Synonym: balance board; wobble board

short back board

A flat board, approx. 3 ft long and 2 ft wide, often made of laminated wood or plastic that is used to immobilize a seated patient with a mechanism for a potential neck or back injury. This device is used together with a cervical/head immobilization device or blanket roll and a rigid extrication collar. The short backboard is used to remove a stable injured patient from a vehicle onto a long backboard. Most ambulance services have moved to a more modern vest-style device such as a Kendrich extrication device (KED).

slider board

A flat slab of metal, plastic, or wood used to transfer a patient horizontally from one surface to another, e.g., from a gurney to a hospital bed. Slider boards or patient transfer boards are used to prevent musculoskeletal injuries sustained while mobilizing patients.

sliding board

Transfer board.

spine board

, spineboardBack board.
Enlarge picture
TRANSFER BOARD: Use of a transfer board to move from bed to chair.

transfer board

A device used to bridge the space between a wheelchair and a bed, toilet, or car seat; used to facilitate independent or assisted transfer of the patient from one of these sites to another.
Synonym: sliding board See: illustration

wobble board

Rocker board.

institutional review board

Abbreviation: IRB
A medical oversight committee that governs or regulates medical investigations involving human subjects. The purpose of the board is to protect the rights and health of participants in clinical trials.
See: informed consent
See also: board
References in periodicals archive ?
Suggestions for reducing the time to obtain IRB approval/denial decisions include encouraging investigators to start working on their IRB applications as early as possible.
19) The value of actionable research continues to increase for librarians in all facets of librarianship, and the value of IRB assessment for that research should increase as well--even if it is simply to confirm that the re search effort is exempt from the rigors of IRB approval and to document the need to use collected data for the purposes of research and publication.
Topics include: basics of IRB regulations and the review process, assessing risk to participants, avoiding group harms, conflicts of interest, and cultural competence.
And even when researchers persevere, the IRB can function as a drag, limiting what they can achieve.
The IRB statement reads: "The IRB strongly believes the establishment of a truly representative pan-European Rugby competition that fully complies with IRB Regulations and bye-laws is in the best interests of the global Game.
The purpose of obtaining IRB approval of our processing protocols is to make it easier for physicians to study the safety of SVF and ADSCs using a standardized processing methodology that characterizes, as well as tests the sample for sterility and viability," said CEO John S.
The IRB acknowledged the Federations active participation in ARFU events and that they have met the IRB criteria for a Full Member.
IRB chairman Lapasset said: "The IRB International Rugby Series is a major milestone in the IRB's drive to increase the competitiveness of Test Rugby and the IRB's commitment to assisting Tier Two and Three Unions access a competition schedule that meets their strategic high performance needs and delivers IRB World Rankings opportunities.
An IRB statement said: "The IRB has reiterated to both Unions that during 2011 both Wales and France officially designated their Under 20 team to be the next senior national team.
The three new IRB 2600 robot models are extremely fast and compact, and can improve production cycle times by up to 25%.
At the meeting, federal officials considered proposals to relocate an existing radioactive waste depot from the IRB and to restrict activities there--such as using various sources of ionizing radiation or substances that produce dangerous waste--to protect IRB staff and people living near the Institute.
5") guide for institutional review board (IRB) members includes new chapters describing IRB review options and discussing IRB member conflict of interest.