IL-4


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Related to IL-4: IL-5, IL-2, IL-13

IL-4

abbreviation for interleukin-4.

IL4

A gene on chromosome 5q31.1 that encodes interleukin-4, a pleiotropic cytokine produced by activated T cells, which participates in several B-cell activation processes. IL-4 is a ligand for IL4 receptor (as is IL13), and it induces the expression of class II MHC molecules on resting B-cells. It activates several B-cell and other cell processes; is a co-stimulator of DNA-synthesis; enhances secretion and cell surface expression of IgE and IgG1; and regulates expression of the low-affinity Fc receptor for IgE (CD23) on lymphocytes and monocytes.

interleukin

(in?ter-loo'kin),

IL

A type of cytokine that enables communication among leukocytes and other cells active in inflammation or the specific immune response. The result is a maximized response to a microorganism or other foreign antigen. See: cell-mediated immunity; cytokine; inflammation

interleukin-1

Abbreviation: IL-1
A cytokine released by almost all nucleated cells that activates the growth and function of neutrophils, lymphocytes, and macrophages; promotes the release of additional mediators that influence immune responses; enhances production of cerebrospinal fluid; and modulates certain adrenal, hepatic, bone, and vascular smooth muscle cell activity. Interleukin-1 and tumor necrosis factors, whose actions are almost identical to those of IL-1, are involved in fever production and other systemic effects of inflammation. See: tumor necrosis factor

interleukin-1-beta

Abbreviation: IL-1-ß
A protein released by activated macrophages that stimulates B cells and thymocytes to proliferate and mature and increases the secretion of interleukin 2. It is found in high levels in the blood of patients with septic shock and in the cerebrospinal fluid of patients with meningitis.
Synonym: catabolin

interleukin-2

Abbreviation: IL-2
A cytokine released primarily by activated CD4+ helper T lymphocytes. It is a major mediator of T cell proliferation, promotes production of other cytokines, enhances natural killer cell function, and is a cofactor for immunoglobulin secretion. Synonym: T-cell growth factor

interleukin-3

Abbreviation: IL-3
A cytokine produced by activated T cells that promotes proliferation of bone marrow stem cells.
Synonym: mast cell growth factor; multi-colony stimulating factor

interleukin-4

Abbreviation: IL-4
A cytokine released by activated T cells and mast cells that stimulates B and T lymphocyte production and activity, prevents macrophages from releasing monokines, and promotes mast cell, immunoglobulin E, and eosinophil activity.
Synonym: B cell growth factor; mast cell growth factor II; T-cell growth factor II

interleukin-5

Abbreviation: IL-5
A cytokine produced by T cells, eosinophils and mast cells that acts as the primary stimulant for eosinophil production. Synonym: eosinophil colony-stimulating factor; eosinophil differentiation factor See: basophil(e); eosinophil

interleukin-6

Abbreviation: IL-6
A lymphokine produced by many cell types, including mononuclear phagocytes, T cells, and endothelial cells. It mediates the acute phase response, enhances B cell production and differentiation to immunoglobulin-secreting plasma cells, and stimulates megakaryocyte production. Synonym: B cell stimulatory factor II; hepatocyte stimulatory factor See: acute phase reaction; lymphokine

interleukin-7

Abbreviation: IL-7
A cytokine produced by the thymus, spleen, and bone marrow stromal cells. It stimulates growth of B-cell precursors, development of thymocytes, and activity of cytotoxic T-cells.
Synonym: lymphopoietin 1; pre-B cell growth factor

interleukin-8

Abbreviation: IL-8
A cytokine produced by many cell types. It acts as a neutrophil chemoattractant.

interleukin-9

Abbreviation: IL-9
A cytokine produced by T cells. Among other functions, it promotes the proliferation and multiplication of mast cells.

interleukin-10

Abbreviation: IL-10
A cytokine derived from mononuclear phagocytes, T cells, and keratinocytes. It inhibits cytokine synthesis by macrophages, T cells, and natural killer cells, and enhances B cell growth and secretion of immunoglobulin.

interleukin-11

Abbreviation: IL-11
A cytokine produced by bone marrow stromal cells. It mediates acute phase protein synthesis, enhances B cell growth and differentiation to plasma cells, and promotes megakaryocyte production.
Synonym: plasmocytoma stimulating factor

interleukin-12

Abbreviation: IL-12
A cytokine produced by mononuclear phagocytes and B cells. It induces interferon gamma production from T cells and natural killer cells, and enhances T cell and natural killer cell cytotoxicity.
Synonym: natural killer cell stimulating factor

interleukin-13

Abbreviation: IL-13
A cytokine produced by T cells. It induces major histocompatibility class II expression on mononuclear phagocytes and B cells, B cell proliferation, and immunoglobulin production.

interleukin-14

Abbreviation: IL-14
A cytokine produced by T lymphocytes and follicular dendritic cells. It stimulates proliferation of activated B lymphocytes and inhibits immunoglobulin secretion from activated B lymphocytes.

interleukin-15

Abbreviation: IL-15
A cytokine released by epithelial cells in the kidney, skeletal muscle, liver, lungs, heart, and bone marrow, which stimulates production of T cells, esp. cytotoxic T cells and natural killer cells. It can bind with interleukin-2 receptors and mimic IL-2's effects. See: interleukin-2

interleukin-16

Abbreviation: IL-16
A cytokine produced by T lymphocytes that stimulates movement of monocytes, CD4+ T cells, and eosinophils to the area. It was previously known as lymphocyte chemoattractant factor.

interleukin-17

Abbreviation: IL-17
A cytokine produced by memory T lymphocytes that stimulates the proliferation of T cells and the differentiation of neutrophils.

interleukin-18

Abbreviation: IL-18
A cytokine produced by macrophages that stimulates the production of gamma interferon and other chemical mediators that enhance cell-mediated immune responses. It is similar in structure to IL-1.

interleukin-4

Abbreviation: IL-4
A cytokine released by activated T cells and mast cells that stimulates B and T lymphocyte production and activity, prevents macrophages from releasing monokines, and promotes mast cell, immunoglobulin E, and eosinophil activity.
Synonym: B cell growth factor; mast cell growth factor II; T-cell growth factor II
See also: interleukin
References in periodicals archive ?
We found a constitutive mRNA-expression of IL-10-R2 in stimulated (PMA, IL-4, IL-9, GM-CSF, and IL-22, incubation period of 12 hours and 96 hours) and unstimulated PBMCs from individuals with asthma as well from healthy controls.
The expression of mRNA for IL-22 was continuously in all probes (stimulated PBMCs with PMA, IL-4, IL-9, GM-CSF, and IL-22 after an incubation period of 12 hours and 96 hours and unstimulated PBMCs from individuals with asthma as well from healthy controls).
In vitro, we could induce mRNA expression for IL-22 BP in PBMCs from individuals with atopic asthma and healthy controls after co-incubation with the Th2 cytokine IL-4.
We do not only found mRNA expression for IL-22 BP in contrast to controls in our in vivo model of a Th2 emphasized allergic inflammation, we also could induce IL-22 BP by stimulation of PBMCs with the Th2 cytokine IL-4 in vitro.
Our preliminary study put the question, if there is a quantitative relationship between protein expression of IL-22 BP, IL-22 and IL-4 as well as eosinophilia in the BALF of individuals with asthma after allergen inhalation.
2001) Proinflammatory cytokines (IL-17, IL-6, IL-18 and IL-12) and Th cytokines (IFN-gamma, IL-4, IL-10 and IL-13) in patients with allergic asthma.
For example, IL-4 is a prototypic immunomodulatory cytokine expressed only in few cell types, which supports the Th2 type of immune response and IgE production (Brown and Hural 1997).
7] M) that induced IL-4 secretion and enhanced antigen-mediated mast cell degranulation (Figures 3 and 4) is similar to that found in the serum of stainless steel welders (Angerer and Lehnert 1990).
Murine mast cells exposed to mercuric chloride release granule-associated N-acetyl-beta-D-hexosaminidase and secrete IL-4 and TNF-alpha.