Unlike the ICIDH, the ICF does not describe a handicap.
The ICIDH did not acknowledge the impact of colonisation in Indigenous communities.
Supporters of the ICF claim that WHO has improved on the ICIDH by merging the individual approach and the social approach to disability.
A considerable academic literature built up around clinical and other uses of the ICIDH, but much of this literature was critical of the underlying model of disability.
Over the next 10 years, WHO's international collaborating centers and governmental and non-governmental organizations, including groups representing persons with disabilities, engaged in the systematic revision of the ICIDH.
The original 1980 ICIDH had only been approved for field-trial purposes.
Nagi thought that the ICIDH lacked "a coherent and clearly delineated concept of [functioning] at the level of the organism" .
Abbreviations: ASIA = American Spinal Injury Association; FIM = Functional Independence Measure; ICF = International Classification of Functioning, Disability, and Health; ICIDH = International Classification of Impairments, Disabilities, and Handicaps; ICSHT = International Classification for Surgery of the Hand in Tetraplegia; IOM = Institute of Medicine; ISCoS = International Spinal Cord Society; MRI = magnetic resonance imaging; QIF = Quadriplegia Index of Function; SCI = spinal cord injury; SCIM = Spinal Cord Independence Measure; WHO = World Health Organization; WISCI = Walking Index for Spinal Cord Injury.