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hydrogen /hy·dro·gen/ (H) (hi´dro-jen) chemical element, at. no. 1; it exists as the mass 1 isotope (protium, light or ordinary h.), mass 2 isotope (deuterium, heavy h.), and mass 3 isotope (tritium) .
hydrogen cyanide an extremely poisonous liquid or gas, HCN, used as a rodenticide and insecticide.
hydrogen peroxide a strongly disinfectant cleansing and bleaching liquid, H2O2, used in dilute solution in water.
hydrogen sulfide an ill-smelling, colorless, poisonous gas, H2S.
hydrogen (H) [hi´dro-jen]
a chemical element, atomic number 1, atomic weight 1.00797. (See Appendix 6.) It exists as the mass 1 isotope (protium, or light or ordinary hydrogen), mass 2 isotope (deuterium, heavy hydrogen), and mass 3 isotope (tritium).
hydrogen cyanide an extremely poisonous colorless liquid or gas, HCN, a decomposition product of various naturally occurring glycosides and a common cause of cyanide poisoning. Inhalation of the gas can cause death within a minute. Called also hydrocyanic acid.
heavy hydrogen deuterium.
hydrogen ion concentration the degree of concentration of hydrogen ions (the acid element) in a solution. Its symbol is pH, and it expresses the degree to which a solution is acidic or alkaline. The pH range extends from 0 to 14, pH 7 being neutral, a pH of less than 7 indicating acidity, and one above 7 indicating alkalinity. See also acid-base balance.
hydrogen peroxide H2O2, an antiseptic with a mildly antibacterial action. A 3 per cent solution foams on touching skin or mucous membrane and appears to have a mechanical cleansing action.
hydrogen sulfide H2S, a poisonous gas with an offensive smell, released from decaying organic material, natural gas, petroleum, and sulfur deposits, and sometimes used as a chemical reagent.
a chemical element, atomic number 1, atomic weight 1.00797, symbol H. See Table 6. It exists as the mass 1 isotope (protium, or light or ordinary hydrogen), mass 2 isotope (deuterium, heavy hydrogen), and mass 3 isotope (tritium).
weak electrostatic attraction between one electronegative atom and the hydrogen atom covalently linked to a second electronegative atom.
hydrogen breath test
detects hydrogen production as a product of bacterial fermentation of carbohydrates, an indicator of inflammatory bowel disease or carbohydrate malabsorption.
hydrogen having double the mass of ordinary hydrogen; deuterium.
hydrogen ion balance
see acid-base balance.
hydrogen ion concentration
the degree of concentration of hydrogen ions (the acid element) in a solution. Its symbol is pH, and expresses the degree to which a solution is acidic or alkaline. The pH range extends from 0 to 14, pH 7 being neutral. A pH of less than 7 indicates acidity, above 7 indicates alkalinity. See also acid-base balance and ph.
H2O2, used in solution as an antibacterial agent. A 3% solution foams on touching skin or mucous membrane and appears to have a mechanical cleansing action.
hydrogen peroxide-based teat dips
see teat dip.
an ill-smelling, colorless, poisonous gas, H2S; much used as a chemical reagent. Hydrogen sulfide is often present in gases from oil wells and from manure vats under slatted floor barns. Poisoning of cattle causes diarrhea, dehydration, dyspnea and death in convulsions. The feces are black and the breath smells of hydrogen sulfide. Called also hydrosulfuric acid. See also manure pit gas poisoning.
defective canned meat can. Can is distended due to production of hydrogen as a result of corrosion of the can surface.
any binary compound of sulfur; a compound of sulfur with another element or base.
see hydrogen sulfide.
H2S; a colorless, flammable, toxic gas with a familiar "rotten egg" odor, formed in the decomposition of organic matter containing sulfur; used as a reagent, and in the manufacture of chemicals.
Synonym(s): sulfureted hydrogen
hy·dro·gen sul·fide (hīdrō-jen sŭlfīd)
A fetid poisonous gas that smells like rotten eggs.
hy·dro·gen sul·fide (hīdrō-jen sŭlfīd)
Colorless, flammable, toxic gas with familiar "rotten egg" odor.
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The sulphur is turned into pellets and shipped to the nearest market to make hydrosulphuric acid, fertiliser or other valuable products.
Organically polluted water may have alkalinity derived from the salts of organic weak acids like acetic acids, propionic acids and hydrosulphuric acid.
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