Neanderthal

(redirected from Homo neanderthalensis)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.
Related to Homo neanderthalensis: Australopithecus, Cro magnon

Neanderthal

An extinct modern Homo that lived between 230,000 and 22,000 years ago (the last known Neanderthals have been found in the Gravettian region of France). Neanderthals mostly lived in cold climates; their body proportions are similar to those of modern cold-adapted peoples: short and solid, with short limbs. Men averaged ±168 cm; their bones were thick and heavy, and showed signs of powerful muscle attachments. Neanderthals would have been quite strong by modern standards, and their skeletons show that they endured brutally hard lives.

Many Neanderthal tools and weapons have been found and they were more advanced than the tools of Homo erectus. Neanderthals were hunters, and the first Homo spp known to have buried their dead—the oldest known burial site is ±100,000 years old. Neanderthal skeletons are found throughout Europe and the Middle East. The “classic” western European Neanderthals were more robust than those found elsewhere. The average brain size, about 1450 cc, is larger than that of modern humans, but this correlated with their greater bulk; the cranial cavity is longer and lower than that of modern humans, with a marked bulge at the back.

Anatomy
Like Homo erectus, Neanderthals had a protruding jaw and receding forehead. The chin was weak, and the midfacial area also protrudes, a feature not found in Homo erectus or Homo sapiens, which may have been an adaptation to cold. Other minor anatomic differences from modern humans include peculiarities of the shoulder blade and pubic bone.
References in periodicals archive ?
5) The weight of current evidence, then, points to the conclusion that regional populations of Homo erectus, Homo neanderthalensis, and Homo floresiensis did not slowly blur into regional populations of Homo sapiens, but rather were distinct contemporaries of modern humans until very recently.
A Sahelanthropus tchadensis C Homo sapiens B Homo neanderthalensis D Australapithecus afarensis 2 Which is a defining feature of bipedal animals?
It wasn't exactly like that, because paintbrushes didn't exist then, but researchers have found Homo neanderthalensis produced art long before Homo sapiens - the "wise" modern humans - ever took it up.
The best way to explain that variation was if there were two periods of interbreeding between humans and an archaic species, such as Homo neanderthalensis or H.
Many researchers regard Neandertals as a separate species, Homo neanderthalensis.
Scientists assigned the newfound hominids to their own species, Homo neanderthalensis.
But Neanderthals, or Homo neanderthalensis, were humans too, and increasing evidence is emerging of (http://www.
5 million years old; Homo neanderthalensis, 32,000 to 100,000 years old, and many others.
El investigador ha senalado que se debe enterrar la idea de que los neandertales eran seres tontos; por el contrario, se debe reconocer que tanto el Homo sapiens como el Homo neanderthalensis "habian llegado a niveles de desarrollo cultural identico".