HIV test


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HIV test

Various tests have been used to detect HIV and production of antibodies thereto; some HTs shown below are no longer actively used, but are listed for completeness and context. See HIV, Immunoblot.
HIV tests
Culture The direct culture of HIV in the appropriate cell–human lymphocytes
IgA assay An immunoblot-type assay which allows the early diagnosis in infants of perinatal HIV infection
p24 antigen The measurement of HIV's p24 antigen by immunoassay, confirmation by neutralization; very low sensitivity
PCR Amplification of HIV nucleotide sequences by PCR, used to confirm indeterminate Western blot results
RNA testing
Western blot An immune assay which detects specific antibodies to HIV antigens, including p24–often the first antibody to appear; low-risk individuals with a persisting indeterminant Western blot at 3 months may be regarded as negative and require no further followup

Patient discussion about HIV test

Q. The HIV test came back POSITIVE! My very close friend 'Demonte'. One day in December as he was returning from a business trip, his wife met him at the airport with terrible news. During a routine pregnancy check up, her doctor had administered an HIV test along with other blood-work. The HIV test came back POSITIVE! The doctor wanted to begin administering drugs immediately but the cost of these drugs here when compared to their family income was prohibitive. I helped him with some of my savings. He already sold his favorite sentimental car to save his precious wife. Now i want to know is there any NATURAL medicine to cure this? Hope it costs less and available.

A. there are no effective natural remedy for HIV. the medications are very hard ones that try to control the virus from spreading (cannot eliminate it though). no herbal remedy or nutrition change will do that.

Q. what tests do i need to do to check that i don't have HIV? and how long does it take to get an answer? i had unprotected sex with this girl i met , and i am really afraid , things just happened really quickly and we had sex and i did not use condom , what should i do ?

A. If you think that you have HIV or you just want to be sure, you should go to your nearest clinic and get tested. They will know what tests you would need to take. Some clinics even do this kind of testing for free. Here is a website on different testings a nd prices: http://www.requestatest.com/STDtesting.aspx?utm_source=yahoo&utm_medium=cpc&utm_term=std-testing&utm_campaign=std_g01 You should always use precaution when having intercourse. You can never be to safe. Hope this helps.

More discussions about HIV test
References in periodicals archive ?
MiraCare(TM) Rapid HIV Test Shows 100% Agreement in Independent Evaluation
With, say, home pregnancy tests, the market is well defined, but the makers of home HIV tests are simultaneously selling to gay men, teen-agers and heterosexual adults, who each bring different attitudes about AIDS to the drug counter and are likely to respond to different marketing.
The new OraQuick In-Home HIV Test is a breakthrough in the fight against HIV/AIDS in our community," said Frank J.
1) In a subsample of participants who had never tested positive for the virus before the survey, only 54% said that they had had an HIV test within the previous year; the rest had been tested in the more distant past or had never been tested at all.
Patients with specific indicator conditions should be routinely recommended to have an HIV test and all doctors, nurses and midwives should be able to obtain informed consent for an HIV test in the same way that they currently do for any other medical investigation.
The researchers used a random sample of women drawn from shelters and low-income housing units in Los Angeles County and found that, on average, 82 percent of those women received an HIV test at a clinic or a physician's office.
Douglas Michels, President and CEO of OraSure Technologies, said, "Approval of the OraQuick In-Home HIV Test represents a major breakthrough in HIV testing.
In addition, manufacturer's tests on the approved HIV test system have been carefully reviewed by the FDA to assure that the tests conducted were themselves adequate to demonstrate that the system is capable of yielding accurate, dependable results.
Health department records show that most public and private prenatal-care providers offer pregnant women the HIV test.
In January, FDA approved the use of rapid-testing kits in tens of thousands of facilities that weren't previously capable of analyzing HIV test results in-house.
200,000 at risk pregnant women present at hospitals and require a rapid HIV test each year.
It includes details of particular rules for African visitors, for example, who may be more likely to be required by' some countries to present (negative) HIV test results at entry.