Helsinki Accords


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Helsinki Accords

[helsing′kē]
a declaration signed by the representatives of 35 member nations of the Conference on Security and Cooperation in Europe in Helsinki, Finland, on August 1, 1975. The declared goals of the nonbinding document comprised four principal aspects of European security: economic cooperation, humanitarian issues, contact between the East and West, and provision for a later follow-up conference (held in Belgrade in 1978). Follow-up conferences were planned in part to allow the member nations to monitor each other's performance on humanitarian issues, such as the right to self-determination of all people and respect for fundamental freedoms, including thought, conscience, and religion or belief, without regard to race, language, sex, or religion. The Helsinki Accords grew from the precedent set by the judgments at the Nuremberg tribunals-that crimes against humanity are offenses subject to criminal prosecution. The principle and the practice of informed consent in health care grew from this precedent. Also called Helsinki Declaration. See also Nuremberg tribunal.
References in periodicals archive ?
But when the Russians of newly-independent Moldova (for example) refused to allow their section of Moldova to be administered by the Moldovan government, and set up their own "Republic of Transdniestria", that was a de facto breach of the Helsinki Accords--Transdniestria was not of course recognised by any of the signatories (including Russia) to the Helsinki Accords, though Russia was and is very mindful of its ethnic brethren there.
7) Daniel Thomas, The Helsinki Accord and Political Change in Eastern Europe, in THE POWER OF HUMAN RIGHTS: INTERNATIONAL NORMS AND DOMESTIC CHANGE (Thomas Risse, Stephen Ropp and Kathryn Skikkink eds.
Existing executive regimes, such as that provided by the Helsinki Accords, can serve as viable models for Muslims, once the framework that led to those regimes has been accepted.
Part III argues that human rights standards under the Helsinki Accord independently proscribe forced "medical" sexual orientation interventions.
This is exactly the same option the US used when it negotiated dE[umlaut]tente and the Helsinki Accords with the Soviet Union (and whose results ultimately brought about the collapse of Communism).
Frowick was also remembered for his role in helping realize the Helsinki Accords and the Conference on Security and Cooperation in Europe, as well as his willingness to come out of retirement in the 1990s to help prevent further interethnic conflict in the Balkans.
Under Ford's leadership, the Helsinki Accords were adopted in August 1975.
The OSCE is the successor to the Conference for Security and Cooperation in Europe, which originated out of the Helsinki Accords of 1975.
Like other conservatives, Reagan criticized the Helsinki Accords when Gerald Ford signed them in 1976, and disparaged Jimmy Carter during his 1980 campaign for what he considered a soft refusal to engage with the bitter realities of communism.
backing include the Helsinki Accords of 1975, which helped establish security cooperation between the Cold War superpowers (the United States and the Soviet Union) and the Madrid and Oslo talks leading to the Israeli-Palestinian accords of the early 1990s.
Ultimately, Lind concludes, "the only clear winner of the Vietnam War was the Soviet Union," because it invested relatively little, while seeing the United States driven to "humiliation and paralysis," Yet in the year of the collapse of Saigon, the former Soviet Union signed the Helsinki Accords, which planted the seeds of the dissolution of the Kremlin.
The Helsinki Accords, finalized in the summer of 1975, further intertwined human rights and traditional statecraft.

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