My pancreas is swollen because of a tumor, possibly malignant, growing in the head of the pancreas
The four-centimetre tumour that occurred at the head of the pancreas
was excised in an over four-hour surgery known as the Whipple procedure that is well known around the world but rare in this region.
In 52% of the cases, the examined pancreatic tissue originated from the head of the pancreas
, whereas in 18.
Pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD) has become increasingly acceptable as a safe and appropriate surgical technique for managing malignant or benign diseases of the head of the pancreas
and periampullary region.
Also, MCNs are located predominantly in the pancreatic body/tail, in contrast to IPMNs, which are most commonly located in the head of the pancreas
, or simple mucinous cysts, which occur with roughly equal frequency in the body/tail and head/neck.
Choledocholithiasis was verified and a large choledochal cyst (approximately 5 cm in size) stretching throughout the entire duodenal bend behind the head of the pancreas
Resected Specimen of the Head of the Pancreas
with Part of Duodenum.
These were four lymphomas in the head of the pancreas
diagnosed by endoscopic ultrasound and aspiration, a pararenal lymphoma and a renal cell carcinoma diagnosed by CT scan and percutaneous aspiration.
The margin of necrosis was not clear between the duodenum and the head of the pancreas
In addition, the head of the pancreas
was observed in the left paramedian region, to the anterior of the portal vein.
The main pancreatic duct within the head of the pancreas
was individually ligated with a permanent suture, and posterior pancreatic capsules were approximated with full-thickness interrupted absorbable sutures (Figure 3).
The whipple operation involves removing the head of the pancreas