Submitted to the Hawkins test, that verifies the conflict between the supraspinous muscle tendon and the coracoid acromial ligament, the patient A.
3 Specific functional tests at the shoulder's level Patient Neer test Painful arch test Hawkins test Jobe test A.
Positive Hawkins test was significantly associated (P < 0.
Positive Hawkins test and apprehension relocation tests were present in 38.
Use the Neer test (raising the arm "'near" the face; have the patient place his hand on the unaffected shoulder and gradually forward-flex the shoulder) and Hawkins test
(rotating the upper arm like a hawk's wing; position the patient standing with the shoulder abducted 90 degrees, and internally rotate the forearm).
Empirical critical values for Hawkins test
statistic have been obtained via a Monte Carlo simulation that is described in the next section.