Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium

Har·dy-Wein·berg e·qui·lib·ri·um

(har'dē wīn'bĕrg),
that state in which the genetic structure of the population conforms to the prediction of the Hardy-Weinberg law; it is not a stable equilibrium, although for a large mating population it may be approximated.

Hardy,

Godfrey H., English mathematician, 1877-1947.
Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium - the state in which the genetic structure of the population conforms to the prediction of the Hardy-Weinberg law. Synonym(s): random mating equilibrium
Hardy-Weinberg law - if mating occurs at random with respect to any one autosomal locus in a population in which the gene frequencies are equal in the two sexes, and the factors tending to change gene frequencies are absent or negligible, then in one generation the probabilities of all possible genotypes will on average equal the same proportions as if the genes were assembled at random.

Weinberg,

Wilhelm, German physician, 1862-1937.
Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium - see under Hardy, Godfrey H
Hardy-Weinberg law - see under Hardy, Godfrey H
References in periodicals archive ?
Calculations of basic genetic parameters, tests for conformance to Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium frequencies, genetic distances, and cluster analysis were done using the BIOSYS-1 package (Swofford and Selander 1981).
The fitness of the genotype and allele was tested using the Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium (HWE) test, and polymorphism differences between the TS patient and control groups were analyzed using the Chi-squared ( ?
Moreover, deviation from Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium equation was observed moderately for both dog breeds.
The allele frequencies were also tested for Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium by calculating allele frequencies using Pearson's [chi square] tests with one degree of freedom (20).
Allele frequency differences between SS and SR individuals and deviations from Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium were determined by TFPGA (http: //bioweb.
Observed heterozygosity, mean number of alleles, and conformity to Hardy-Weinberg Equilibrium (HWE) were analyzed for all loci with GenePop version 3.
4, Montpellier University, Montpellier, France) was used to calculate genotypic frequencies for each region and to test for departure from expected Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium frequencies.
Deviations from Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium at each locus in each population and heterogeneity in allele frequencies among cultivars were tested by chi-square ([chi square]).
The observed genotype proportions for each locus at each site were compared to those expected under Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium (HWE) using the program GENEPOP (Raymond and Rousset 1995).
The maximum likelihood estimate of allele frequencies at the ABO locus was obtained through Bernstein method and the concordance with Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium (HWE) was tested by Chi-test (Strickberger, 2005; Falconer and Mackay, 1996).