References in periodicals archive ?
Hantaviruses and their hosts in Europe: reservoirs here and there, but not everywhere?
It is not clear why person-to-person transmission has been documented for ANDV but not for other hantaviruses.
Diversity and distribution of hantaviruses in South America.
Rodent blood was tested by ELISA for IgG to New World hantaviruses at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Special Pathogens Branch in Atlanta, Georgia, USA, by using nucleocapsid antigen derived from Sin Nombre virus, which is broadly cross-reactive among New World hantaviruses (6).
In addition, a comprehensive study in different rodent and other small mammal species should determine whether hantaviruses other than DOBV are present.
Because available serologic tests are broadly cross-reactive for all New World hantaviruses (18,19), virus identification must be performed by PCR with sequencing; this method requires acute specimens to be collected and transported to the laboratory frozen to preserve RNA for analysis.
Disease awareness and information campaigns targeted toward the prevention of hantaviruses in the Xingu Indigenous Park should be intensified, given the risk of the potential presence of infected rodents in other Indian settlements.
Seroprevalence study in forestry workers of a non-endemic region in eastern Germany reveals infections by Tula and Dobrava-Belgrade hantaviruses.
For confirmation, RNA extraction and RT-PCR were performed independently in a laboratory in which hantaviruses had never been handled.
In Europe, 5 rodent-borne hantaviruses have been detected: DobravaBelgrade, Saaremaa, Seoul, Puumala, and Tula (1,2).
This potential association between CVDs and HFRS deserves further consideration in other cohorts of persons in whom HFRS was diagnosed, particularly in countries where more severe hantaviruses, such as Hantaan and Dobrava viruses, exist and in countries with large numbers of HFRS cases.
Hantaviruses (family Bunyaviridae) are RNA viruses primarily carried by rodents and soricomorphs (shrews and moles), although 2 new species have recently been described in bats (2,3).