Viennese pediatrician Hans Asperger
first described this disorder in the 1940s after observing autistic-like behaviors and difficulties with social and communication skills in boys who had normal intelligence and language development, according to the Autism Society's Aspergers Disorder Web site.
Finally, on a more diagnostic note, The New York Times published a "Diagnosis" column (Sanders, 2009) in which the author speculated that, with Sherlock Holmes, Sir Arthur Conan Doyle may have created the first portrayal of an individual with Asperger's syndrome decades before Hans Asperger
published his work.
Viennese physician Hans Asperger
identified these behaviors in 1944, but it wasn't until 1994 that Asperger's was entered into the DSM IV.
Although it was first described in the 1940s by physician Hans Asperger
, it was not included in The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) as a "diagnosable" disorder until 1994.
The syndrome was first described by Hans Asperger
, a Viennese physician, in 1944, but did not receive much attention until described by British psychiatrist, Lorna Wing in 1981 and subsequently included in the World Health Organization's International classification of diseases (ICD-10) in 1993 and the American Psychiatric Association's Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (DSM-IV) in 1994 (APA, 2000; Attwood, 2007; Lerner & Kline, 2006; WHO, 1993).
Calinescu also cites Simon Baron-Cohen (1995, 2003) who views autism as an illustration of "the extreme male brain" (Baron-Cohen 1995, 133-54), a theory foreshadowed by Hans Asperger
in his ground breaking article of 1944 where he claims that the autistic personality is an extreme variant or caricature of male intelligence (qtd.
It was only in 1981 that similarities identified at the same time by Hans Asperger
came to the attention of the English-speaking world and the term Asperger syndrome was coined.
Although the disorder was identified in 1944 by Hans Asperger
it didn't receive widespread attention until the 1990s; so many adults with the disorder remain undiagnosed.
In 1944, Hans Asperger
identified a small group of children, adolescents, and adults who exhibited social peculiarities and socially isolative behavior, while appearing cognitively and linguistically typical (as cited in Myles & Simpson, 2002).
It was first identified as a separate condition to autism in 1944 by a German doctor, Hans Asperger
El pediatra austriaco Hans Asperger
(1906-1980) inicio sus trabajos en la Clinica Pediatrica Universitaria de Viena enfocados a la pedagogia curativa y fue el primero en describir el sindrome que hoy lleva su nombre, como un mal que afecta a ninos de inteligencia normal, pero de conducta tan inmanejable que es dificil mantenerlos en la escuela o la familia.
The theory, first suggested as long as 50 years ago by one of the pioneers in the field, Hans Asperger
, proposes that what marks out the average male brain as different from the female also accounts for autism.