hangover

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hangover

 [hang´o-ver]
unpleasant symptoms that occur 4 to 6 hours after excessive ingestion of alcohol; see alcoholism.

hangover

a popular term for a group of disagreeable physical effects, including nausea, thirst, fatigue, headache, and irritability, resulting from the heavy consumption of alcohol and/or certain drugs.
A popular term for the unpleasant consequences affecting 75% of those who drink alcohol to excess, resulting in headaches, nausea, vomiting, thirst, dry mouth, tremors, dizziness, fatigue and muscle cramps, fuzzy cognition, poor visual-spatial coordination and pain with loud noises; in the extreme case, hallucinations, shaking and sweating, the latter of which can have features of alcohol withdrawal Management
Prevention—drink slower, eat, especially sugars, drink fluids

hang·o·ver

(hangō-vĕr)
The unpleasant psychological and physiologic effects after heavy consumption of drugs or alcoholic beverages, including nausea, headache, sensitivity to light and noise, lethargy, dysphoria, and thirst.

hangover

The state of general distress experienced on the morning after an evening of alcoholic over-indulgence. The symptoms include headache, depression, remorse, shakiness, nausea and VERTIGO. With the possible exception of stomach irritation, these are not caused by alcohol, most of which has already been metabolized. The breakdown products, such as acetaldehyde, and some of the other constituents (congeners) of alcoholic drinks are, however, toxic. Other factors such as smoking, dehydration, overeating, the recollection of indiscretion and the loss of sleep may contribute.

Patient discussion about hangover

Q. What is the cause of hangovers? And why mixing drinks also contribute to that effect?

A. Hangovers are multi-causal. Ethanol has a dehydrating effect by causing increased urine production (such substances are known as diuretics), which causes headaches, dry mouth, and lethargy. Dehydration causes the brain to shrink away from the skull slightly. Alcohol's effect on the stomach lining can account for nausea. Because of the increased NADH production during metabolism of ethanol, excess of that substance causes hypoglycemia. In addition, it is thought that the presence of other alcohols (such as fusel oils), by-products of the alcoholic fermentation also called congeners, exaggerate many of the symptoms (congeners may also be zinc or other metals added primarily to sweet liqueurs to enhance their flavor).

Q. What can be done to reduce the effects of a hangover? Dear friends, I often face a hangover which is out of my control. What can be done to reduce the effects of a hangover? I heard that drinking water before going to bed will help.

A. I once wrote an article about hang-over therapy, maybe you can read it here :
http://doctoradhi.com/blog/?p=57

The safest and most natural way to get over it is just wait until the symptoms fade away. But if you feel a heavy headache, some papers will recommend you to take aspirins (this will reduce the pain), and if you feel discomfort in your stomach, it is most likely because alcohol is irritative for your stomach surface, so grabbing some food will help.

Q. Tips for drinking without getting hangover anyone..? How can I avoid hangover? Or vomiting? Or all those unpleasant side effects that a really good party have…

A. the easyest way to avoid a hangover is to not drink,so much,..just because you are at a party..doesnt mean you have to get sick on alcohol...there is no sure way of not getting a hangover...MRFOOT56

More discussions about hangover
References in periodicals archive ?
Only time cures a hangover, and generally the acetaldehyde will be gone by mid-morning or midday.
Though hangovers have costly effects, Powell noticed that the opportunity cost of having a hangover hardly ever stopped anyone from drinking.
I have always believed in the scientific rationale for the "hair of the dog" as a cure for a hangover because it balances out the amount of alcohol in your blood with that in your brain.
Hannah Redmond, of Macmillan, said: "This research shows hangovers are a waste of time and are causing people to miss out on everything from romance to their dream job.
He explained that if a hangover is due to the small amounts of methanol in the body, another drink with ethanol is necessary to throw the methanol off, in turn curing the hangover.
My husband once had a hangover so bad that when someone came into the room chewing gum, he shuddered: "The noise
If hangovers don't generally hasten drinking, we can rule out a direct causal role of hangovers in the acceleration of problem drinking, instead, the findings encourage them to think about alternate hypotheses linking hangovers and alcoholism, such as the possibility that hangovers are good markers for other risk factors, such as a propensity to lose control over drinking or individual differences in alcohol sensitivity, he added.
3/3 HAIR OF THE DOG: It is a myth that the 'hair of the dog' will help ease hangover symptoms.
The hair of the dog that bit you will make you feel better FALSE: "Having a quick drink the morning after will only ease the alcohol withdrawal and delay the hangover,explains Professor Paul Wallace, chief medical adviser for Drinkaware (drinkaware.
No, not the cute little fish that blimps up when frightened, this hangover cure is a new FDA-regulated over-the-counter medication that comes with a money-back guarantee.